Identifying Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) as an Independent Risk Factor for Increased Morbidity and Mortality after Proximal AmputationsPasquale Cancelliere1* and Jessica Knight2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Pasquale Cancelliere
DPM, Attending Surgeon
MetroWest Medical Center
Framingham, MA, USA
Received Date: January 31, 2013; Accepted Date: June 25, 2013; Published Date: July 01, 2013
Citation: Cancelliere P, Knight J (2013) Identifying Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) as an Independent Risk Factor for Increased Morbidity and Mortality after Proximal Amputations. Clin Res Foot Ankle 1:111. doi: 10.4172/2329-910X.1000111
Copyright: © 2013 Cancelliere P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Accelerated changes in health care delivery inevitably increases the need for evidence validated treatment modalities and algorithms. Treatment modalities must be both clinically effective but also financially sound both in the short term and long term. The overall mortality rates of diabetic patients undergoing proximal amputation are reported in further in this review; however, it is the purpose of this review to underline the influence of chronic kidney disease on the diabetic foot and identify it as an independent risk factor. Diabetic foot complications are significantly worsened by the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD, especially End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), seems to play a huge and grossly underestimated influence on the overall rate of diabetic complications, including an increase in amputation rate and mortality.