In vitro Aseptic Culture Establishment of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Varieties Using Shoot Tip Explants | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

In vitro Aseptic Culture Establishment of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Varieties Using Shoot Tip Explants

Belay Tolera1*, Mulugeta Diro2 and Derbew Belew3
1 Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training Division, Variety Development Directorate, Biotechnology Research Team, Wonji Research Center, P.O Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
2 Capacity Building for Scaling up of Evidence-based Best Practices in Agricultural Production in Ethiopia (CASCAPE) Project, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3 Jimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia
Corresponding Author : Belay Tolera
Ethiopian Sugar Corporation
Research and Training Division
Variety Development Directorate
Biotechnology Research Team
Wonji Research Center, Wonji, Ethiopia
Tel: +251910181644
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 25, 2014; Accepted April 25, 2014; Published April 27, 2014
Citation: Belay Tolera, Mulugeta Diro and Derbew Belew (2014) In vitro Aseptic Culture Establishment of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Varieties Using Shoot Tip Explants . Adv Crop Sci Tech 2:128. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000128
Copyright: © 2014 Tolera B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Two sugarcane varieties namely, ‘B41-227’ and ‘N14’ were tested for in vitro culture establishment response
under five levels of BAP (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 mgL-1) and kinetin (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 mgL-1) in a completely randomized design with 2*5*5 factorial treatment combinations. The objective was to determine the optimum concentration and combination of BAP and kinetin for in vitro culture establishment of shoot tip explants. Among the different concentrations and combinations of BAP and kinetin tested, Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 3 mgL-1 BAP without kinetin for B41-227; and 3 mgL-1 BAP along with 1.5 mgL-l kinetin for N14 exhibited a better response than the other concentrations in percent initiated shoot tip explants, percent of dead or not responding cultures, number of shoots per explant and average shoot length of the sugarcane varieties. These media established 93.33% of shoot tip explants with 4.5 ± 0.11 shoots per explant and 3.15 ± 0.28 cm shoot length in B41-227; and initiated 76.67% shoot tip explants with 3.3 ± 00 shoots per explant and 4.58 ± 0.28 cm shoot length in N14 after 30 days of culture.