alexa Intention to Stop Khat Chewing and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Dessie City, North Eastern Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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Research Article

Intention to Stop Khat Chewing and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Dessie City, North Eastern Ethiopia

Minilk Estifanos1*, Telake Azale2, Measho G Slassie2, Getasew Amogne3 and Belayneh Kefale4

1School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

2Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

3Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

4Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Minilk Estifanos
School of Nursing and Midwifery
College of Medicine and Health Science
Wollo University
Dessie, Ethiopia
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received date: May 26, 2016; Accepted date: June 09, 2016; Published date: June 16, 2016

Citation: Estifanos M, Azale T, Slassie MG, Amogne G, Kefale B (2016) Intention to Stop Khat Chewing and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Dessie City, North Eastern Ethiopia. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6: 250. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000250

Copyright: © 2016 Estifanos M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objectives: the purpose of this study was to assess’ intention to stop Khat chewing and associated factors among khat chewers in Dessie city, North eastern Ethiopia.

Methods: A Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Dessie city by using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. The sample size for quantitative was 840 and cluster sampling method was used to select the study participants. Three FGDs and five in depth interviews were conducted for the qualitative part of the study.

Result: Out of the total participants, 68.47% had intention to stop khat chewing at least within the next six months. Majority of the study participants 44.7% were on preparation stage, 23.7% were on contemplation stage and the rest 31.54% were on pre contemplation stage. Participants in high dramatic relief process of change were 4 times more likely to have intention to stop Khat chewing than their counterparts, [P=0.004 AOR=4.1(1.5-11.0] and Individuals who had medium consciousness raising score were 2.6 times more likely to have the intention to quit Khat chewing than individuals with low consciousness raising score, [AOR=2.7, (95% CI: 1.1-6.6)].

Conclusion and recommendation: Majority of the Khat chewers had the intention to stop Khat chewing. Thus, stage based interventions should be done to motivate Khat chewers to stop chewing

Keywords

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