Internet Use and its Correlation with Psychiatric Symptoms - Results of an Online Survey Based on Psychometric Risk Profiles of the German Version of the "Compulsive Internet Use Scale"Peter Peukert1, Svenja Steffen1*, Vanessa Olivia Meyer1,4, Gottfried Maria Barth2, Sarah Schlipf1, Jamil ElKasmi1, Gert Jan Meerkerk3and Anil Batra1
- Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Svenja Steffen
University Hospital of Tuebingen
Dept. of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Calwerstr, 14, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Tel: +49-7071 - 2980922
Fax: +49-7071 - 294141
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 29, 2014; Accepted date: October 13, 2014; Published date: October 17, 2014
Citation: Peukert P, Steffen S, Meyer VO, Barth GM, Schlipf S et al. (2014) Internet Use and its Correlation with Psychiatric Symptoms – Results of an Online Survey Based on Psychometric Risk Profiles of the German Version of the “Compulsive Internet Use Scale”. J Addict Res Ther 5:199. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000199
Copyright: © 2014 Peukert P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aims: Increased co-morbidity rates of affective and anxiety disorders as well as ADHD have been reported in the context of excessive and addictive internet use. The “Compulsive Internet Use Scale" (CIUS) provides a promising conceptualization for the assessment of compulsive internet use behaviour. The aim of the present study was the investigation of psychopathological abnormalities in a student’s sample with high values on the CIUS within the scope of an online survey in a cross-sectional design.
Participants: N=2,506 German students of the University of Tuebingen participated in the online survey. Based on CIUS-values students were divided into two subgroups, with high values (CIUS group, N=90, CIUS > 28), and low values (control group, N = 90).
Measurements: In addition to the CIUS, depressive and manic episodes, quality of life and psychopathological abnormalities were explored.
Findings: Participants with high CIUS-values showed increased depressive and manic affect profiles, lower quality of life and augmented difficulties in coping with study requirements compared to the control group. Furthermore, the high scorers reported more depressive episodes, anxiety disorders, ADHD and suicidal ideation in their lifetime.
Conclusion: Compulsive internet use is related to increased psychopathological abnormalities current and lifetime.