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Interspecific Epidemiology of MRSA in Pig Farming | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Interspecific Epidemiology of MRSA in Pig Farming

De Faveri E1, Rimoldi S2, Pagani C2 and Sala V1*
1Department of Veterinary Science and Public Health, University of Milan, Italy
2Department of Biomedical Sciences and Clinics "L. Sacco" University of Milan, Italy
Corresponding Author : Vittorio Sala
Department of Veterinary Sciences and Public Health
University of Milan, Via Celoria 10-20133 Milano, Italy
Tel: +39.02.50318077
Fax: +39.02.50318079
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 21, 2014; Accepted March 15, 2014; Published March 20, 2014
Citation: De Faveri E, Rimoldi S, Pagani C, Sala V (2014) Interspecific Epidemiology of MRSA in Pig Farming. J Infect Dis Ther 2:135. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000135
Copyright: © 2014 De Faveri E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The populations of MRSA are classified in relation to their origin, distinguishing S. aureus Healthcare-Acquired aureus (HA), Community-Acquired (CA) and Livestock-Acquired (LA). For LA-MRSA livestock animals have an important epidemiological role. This has raised the suspicion that the intensive husbandry may be, for the frequency and intensity of use of antibacterial treatments, an elective field of clonal selection of antibiotic resistance. The presence of LA- MRSA in pig production is sure in many countries and the pig is considered a reservoir for transmission to humans and other animals. In fact, farmers and production workers have a higher rate of colonization than the rest of the population. This work reports the presence of MRSA in slaughter pigs (2.3% positivity of the tonsils), sows (10% positivity of nasal swabs) and veterinarians employed in pig production (25% of nasal carriers). Many of the isolates from pigs and man belong to the same genomic patterns.

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