Knowledge about Tobacco Smoking among Medical Students in Saudi Arabia: Findings from Three Medical Schools
Hoda Jradi* and Ali Al-Shehri
King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, College of Public health and Health Informatics, Department of Environmental and Community Health, Saudi Arabia
- Corresponding Author:
- Hoda Jradi
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
College of Public health and Health Informatics
Department of Environmental and Community Health, Saudi Arabia
Tel: 966 11 429 9999
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 24, 2013; Accepted Date: February 24, 2014; Published Date: February 26, 2014
Citation: Jradi H, Al-Shehri A (2014) Knowledge about Tobacco Smoking among Medical Students in Saudi Arabia: Findings from Three Medical Schools. Epidemiol 4:150. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000150
Copyright: © 2014 Jradi H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. Educating and training medical students about tobacco dependence prevention and treatment will prepare them for the task of helping smokers quit. In Saudi Arabia, little is known about medical students’ knowledge on this topic.
Methods: This study was conducted among 237 medical students from three medical schools (89% Response Rate). Students were asked to complete a 55-item questionnaire about the knowledge of smoking epidemiology, smoking cessation practice and benefits, and treatment of nicotine addiction.
Results: The majority of the students (91.4%) do not have adequate knowledge about the epidemiology of smoking. Students demonstrated a low knowledge of the health risks associated with tobacco use (average score 53%; SD=11.6), a fair (76.3%) understanding of the benefits of smoking cessation, and insufficient information about treatment of nicotine addiction. No more than 20.9% of the respondents thought they were adequately prepared to counsel their patients to quit smoking
Conclusions: Medical students in Saudi Arabia are not well informed and trained in tobacco dependence and treatment. It is necessary to address this deficit by prioritizing these topics in medical education curricula.