Magnitude of Preterm Birth among Mothers who gave Birth in Finoteselam Hospital, North West, Ethiopia, 2019*Corresponding Author: Abebe Abate, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia, Tel: +251929176180, Email: [email protected]
Received Date: Oct 05, 2019 / Accepted Date: Jul 18, 2020 / Published Date: Jul 24, 2020
Citation: Abebe Abate and Bekalu Setie (2020) Magnitude of Preterm Birth among Mothers who gave Birth in Finoteselam Hospital, North West, Ethiopia, 2019. Neonat Pediatr Med 6: 193.
Copyright: © 2020 Abate A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution license which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Preterm birth is defined by WHO as all viable births before 37 completed weeks of gestation or fewer than 259 days since the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period. Each year, about 15 million babies in the world, more than one in 10 births, are born too prematurely. Complication of preterm birth is the single largest direct cause of neonatal deaths, responsible for 35% of the world’s 3.1 million deaths a year, and the second most common cause of under-5 deaths after infection.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of preterm birth in Finoteselam hospital, Northwest, Ethiopia, 2019.
Methods: Institutional based cross sectional study was conducted from March 10/2018 to March9/2019 in Finoteselam hospital. Mothers who gave birth in Finoteselam hospital were the source population. Systematic sampling was used to get the total sample size of 189 participants. Data was collected from patient chart review. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20 software.
Result: This study showed that 19 (10.1%) mothers gave a preterm birth from189 mothers. Conclusion and recommendation: The magnitude of preterm birth in Finoteselam hospital was generally 10.1%. Timely identification of obstetric complications and health education to improve Antenatal care utilization will help minimize the magnitude of preterm birth.