Maxillofacial Aneurysmal Bone Cysts in Isfahan 1987-2013: A Clinicohistopathological Study of 16 Cases
Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi1* Ali Ebrahimi2, Ahmad Behroozian3, Neda Kargahi4, Hamid Reza Rasouli5 and Ali Shams Nouraie5
1Professor of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medial Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Associate Professor, Plastic Surgery Ward and Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Private Practice Orthodontist, Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medial Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Assistant Professor, Torabinejad Dental Research Center and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5Consultant Researcher, Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohammad Hossein Kalantar Motamedi
Professor of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Trauma Research Center
Baqiyatallah University of Medial Sciences
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 21, 2014; Accepted Date: July 29, 2014; Published Date: August 04, 2014
Citation: Motamedi MHK, Ebrahimi A, Behroozian A, Kargahi N, Rasouli HR, et al. (2014) Maxillofacial Aneurysmal Bone Cysts in Isfahan 1987-2013: A Clinicohistopathological Study of 16 Casest. Oral Hyg Health 2:155. doi: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000155
Copyright: © 2014 Motamedi MHK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, demographics, clinicohistopathological features and treatment outcomes of maxillofacial aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) in Isfahan.
Materials and method: A unicenter retrospective study of patient charts dated from 1987-2013 (26 years) was undertaken to assess maxillofacial ABCs. Variables such as age, gender, location (maxilla, mandible, anterior or posterior segments), histological type (solid, mixed, vascular), signs, symptoms, radiographic features ,treatment modalities and outcomes of this lesion were evaluated by the authors. The data was analyzed using SPSS 20 software (p<0.05).
Result: 16 patients were diagnosed and treated in our study, which included 6 (37.5%) males and 10 (62.5%) females. There was a significant female predilection (p<0.05). The mean age of occurrence was16.2 ± 7.9 years ranging from 6 to 28 years.The prevalence was not significantly higher in any decade of life. The rate of affliction was 0.6 case per year. ABC was significantly more common in the mandible (p<0.05) and the posterior areas (p<0.05). The most common histopathological type was the mixed type (p<0.05).Bony hard Swelling was the most common clinical finding (p<0.05) and all cases were radiolucent. All cases were treated with excision and curettage. Two patients (12.5%) showed recurrence during the follow-up period (1-26 years).There was no relationship between recurrence and other parameters.
Conclusion: ABCs of the jaws are rare lesions with variable presentation and often respond well to excision and curettage. Apparently it seems that there is no need to do more aggressive surgery because recurrence is low.