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Meaning of Sex for Pediatricians in Puerto Rico: A Misclassification Bias that Might Lead to Health Disparities if not Address | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0711

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Community Med Health Educ 2018, Vol 8(1): 582
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000582

Meaning of Sex for Pediatricians in Puerto Rico: A Misclassification Bias that Might Lead to Health Disparities if not Address

Soto De Laurido LE*, Lugo Martínez G, Olivieri Z and González M
Medical Sciences Campus, Research Institute for Global Health Promotion and Health Education (IIPESAG), University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico
*Corresponding Author : Soto De Laurido LE, Medical Sciences Campus, Research Institute for Global Health Promotion and Health Education (IIPESAG), University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tel: 787-758-2525, Fax: 787-294-1271, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 03, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jan 16, 2018 / Published Date: Jan 19, 2018

Abstract

Understanding the meaning of the word ‘SEX’ has implications in the effort of eliminating health disparities in health services, and in clinical and translational research. Different studies showed that little is known about how people of varying ages define sex and how this perception can impact the health services that they can bring to their patients.
To our knowledge, this is the first study in Puerto Rico in a group of physician as Pediatricians to answer the research question, what beliefs about sex do pediatricians have? Assess attitudes about which sexual behaviours constitute having ‘had sex’ and to examine possible mediating factors (gender, age, giving/receiving stimulation, male ejaculation, female orgasm, condom use or brevity) as defined in a questionnaire used in the Kinsey Institute and translated to Spanish in Puerto Rico for a better understanding. With this study we wanted to provide a glimpse to the conceptions about 'SEX' that healthcare workers have because this will shape the questions and services offered to adolescents. A misclassification bias occurs. Persons are either incorrectly classified as having sex or incorrectly classified as not having sex. In term of females and males by age the YES answer was given to all the 14 questions in the survey.
Two of the questions, Q5 Penile-vaginal intercourse Spanish- Tuvo una relación sexual pene-vagina and Q9 Penile-vaginal intercourse with a condom? Spanish-Tuvo una relación sexual pene-vagina con condón were answered by 100% of participants as YES (having Sex). Questions #1 and #2 were the ones with the lowest response rate among males at 64.3% of all male participants. Appear to have significant difference by gender among participants pediatricians in terms of the perception of the meaning of sex among all the questions (14).
In general term among all the questions when taken as a whole there is A P=0.037 with 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference of 00340-010532. There appears to be a slight statistical difference by gender among pediatricians in terms of the perception of the meaning of sex among all the questions. The perception of pediatricians by gender is different, that is, men and women don´t think the same in general terms about the meaning of sex. Generally, there was no real consensus on which behaviors qualify as sex.

Keywords: Sex; Behaviour; Paediatricians; Healthcare

Citation: de Laurido LES, Martínez GL, Olivieri Z, González M (2018) Meaning of Sex for Pediatricians in Puerto Rico: A Misclassification Bias that Might Lead to Health Disparities if not Address. J Community Med Health Educ 8: 582. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000582

Copyright: © 2018 de Laurido LES, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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