Mechanization of livestock farming in the Cheliff region of Algeria*Corresponding Author:
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The objective that we aim through this communication is to show the place of mechanization in the farms surveyed. , We have drawn up a questionnaire The total area of the 102 farms surveyed is of the order of 2,295 ha, with an average surface area of 22.5 ha. The farm is often in the hands of the farmer who owns the land, the capital in the form of machinery, buildings, livestock and advances and provides all or part of the work: 'a scheme to argue directly. Indeed, we are witnessing the predominance of this mode of exploitation, that is, the direct appropriation of management in the majority of the farms surveyed, ie 82%. The remaining 18% of farms use leasing, which allows the farmer to diversify farming activities in order to make his farm profitable. However, durable durable means consist of the technical equipment that we tried to inventory for all farms. Nearly all the farms recorded a shortage of agricultural equipment. In fact, only 29 farms, or 28% of our sample owns tractors, while the remaining 70% make use of the lease, following the small size of their area, which increases the cost of the operation. For example, 15% of all farms own forage equipment (harvesters, balers, balers, tedder rakes, mowers, forage harvesters). In addition, 16% of the farmers own tillage equipment (plow, cover-croop), 11% of the total holdings own the milking machine, which means that the rest does the milking manually.