alexa Meningococcal Disease | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Review Article

Meningococcal Disease

Becka CM1* and Chacón-Cruz E2
1Department of Medicine, Xochicalco University, School of Medicine, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
2Department of Medicine, Tijuana General Hospital, Baja California, Mexico
Corresponding Author : Chandra M Becka
Xochicalco University, School of Medicine
Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
Tel: 1-208-546-2500
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 04, 2015 Accepted: September 16, 2015 Published: September 22, 2015
Citation: Becka CM and Chacón-Cruz E (2015) Meningococcal Disease. J Infect Dis Ther 3:235. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000235
Copyright: © 2015 Becka et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Meningococcal disease is one of the great bacterial threats to human health. Even in the age of antibiotics andvaccines, it remains one of the primary causes of bacterial meningitis worldwide. The causative agent, Neisseria meningitidis, is a gram negative, fastidious diplococcic that commensally inhabits the human nasopharynx.Transmission occurs through close contact with aerosol and respiratory secretions of infected carriers. The disease occurs both sporadically and in epidemics. Endemic areas with high carriage rates have also been identified. The purpose of this review is to examine the current status of the disease and identify the obstacles that the scientific community will encounter in the face of technological advances, changing environment and disease evolution.

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