Neo-liberal Capitalistic Policies in Modern Conservation and the Ultimate Commodification of Nature
Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, United Kingdom
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dhandapani S
Lancaster Environment Centre
Lancaster LA1 4YW, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 115 951 5151
Fax: +44 (0) 115 951 3666;
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: August 19, 2015 Accepted Date: August 24, 2015 Published Date: August 26, 2015
Citation: Dhandapani S (2015) Neo-liberal Capitalistic Policies in Modern Conservation and the Ultimate Commodification of Nature. J Ecosys Ecograph 5:167 doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000167
Copyright: © 2015 Dhandapani S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The recent changes in global politics and the advancement of science and technology, have paved way for the modification and commodification of nature. The development of capitalism, and changes in modern conservation ideologies occurred at the same period, which is more than just a co-incidence. The capitalistic policies in conservation are shaping a new perspective of global environmentalism, which is presented as a spectacle. Whether these capitalistic policies stand the purpose is often questionable. In this work, I am going to discuss two main neo liberal practices in modern conservation, namely protected areas with reference to eco-tourism, and the Payment for Ecosystem Services with reference to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Forest Degradation and Deforestation), which shape modern environmentalism. These policies in modern environmentalism have made it easier to commodify nature, failing to understand that indigenous people living in forests do not have economic conditions, they have livelihood issues. So, The neo-liberal capitalistic policies has led to the loss of intrinsic value of nature, affecting the indigenous lifestyles and serves as an instrument of modern imperialism, acting as a boon to the ‘Transnational capital class’ and a curse to the indigenous people.