alexa Neonatal Obstetric Trauma in a Hospital in the Suburbs
ISSN: 2572-4983

Journal of Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine
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Research Article

Neonatal Obstetric Trauma in a Hospital in the Suburbs of Dakar, Senegal

Jean Baptiste Diouf1*, Ndèye Marème Sougou2, Amadou Lamine Fall3, Mariama Kane1 and Ousmane Ndiaye3

1Department of Pediatric, Centre Hospitalier Roi Baudouin Guédiawaye, Dakar, Senagal

2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Medicine Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senagal

3Department of Pediatrics, Medicine Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senagal

*Corresponding Author:
Diouf JB
Department of Pediatric
Centre Hospitalier Roi Baudouin Guédiawaye
Dakar, Senegal
Tel: 00221338374647
Fax: 00221338770261
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 02, 2017; Accepted Date: March 07, 2017; Published Date: March 17, 2017

Citation: Diouf JB, Sougou NM, Amadou Lamine Fall, Kane M, Ndiaye O (2017) Neonatal Obstetric Trauma in a Hospital in the Suburbs of Dakar, Senegal. Neonat Pediatr Med 3: 122. doi: 10.4172/2572-4983.1000122

Copyright: © 2017 Diouf JB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: Neonatal obstetric traumas remain an important cause of morbidity-mortality. The objective of this study was to study obstetric traumatic lesions of the new-born in the paediatric department of the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin. Patients and method: This was a descriptive retrospective study of new-borns with obstetric trauma received at the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin’s paediatric ward over a 12-month period. The variables studied were maternal (age, parity, presentation, mode of delivery and place of delivery,) and neonatal (birth weight, type of lesion and diagnosis time). Results: Out of the 1426 new-borns received during the study period, 60 had trauma, a hospital frequency of 4.2%. The average age of new-borns for consultation was 8.85 days. The known and found contributory factors were: birth weight greater than 3500 g and the absence of cry at birth. Births were delivered by midwives (80%), the hospital was the main place of birth (61.7%). The main clinical presentations were: neonatal brachial plexus palsy (38.3%), fracture of the clavicle (33.3%) and caput succedaneum (13.3%). Conclusion: New-born obstetric trauma are relatively frequent at the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin The diagnosis is delayed due to a lack of proper examination of the new-born in the delivery room. Systematic examination of new-born at birth would be a reliable means for the detection and early management of this condition.

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