Neonatal Obstetric Trauma in a Hospital in the Suburbs of Dakar, Senegal
- *Corresponding Author:
- Diouf JB
Department of Pediatric
Centre Hospitalier Roi Baudouin Guédiawaye
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 02, 2017; Accepted Date: March 07, 2017; Published Date: March 17, 2017
Citation: Diouf JB, Sougou NM, Amadou Lamine Fall, Kane M, Ndiaye O (2017) Neonatal Obstetric Trauma in a Hospital in the Suburbs of Dakar, Senegal. Neonat Pediatr Med 3: 122. doi: 10.4172/2572-4983.1000122
Copyright: © 2017 Diouf JB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Neonatal obstetric traumas remain an important cause of morbidity-mortality. The objective of this study was to study obstetric traumatic lesions of the new-born in the paediatric department of the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin. Patients and method: This was a descriptive retrospective study of new-borns with obstetric trauma received at the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin’s paediatric ward over a 12-month period. The variables studied were maternal (age, parity, presentation, mode of delivery and place of delivery,) and neonatal (birth weight, type of lesion and diagnosis time). Results: Out of the 1426 new-borns received during the study period, 60 had trauma, a hospital frequency of 4.2%. The average age of new-borns for consultation was 8.85 days. The known and found contributory factors were: birth weight greater than 3500 g and the absence of cry at birth. Births were delivered by midwives (80%), the hospital was the main place of birth (61.7%). The main clinical presentations were: neonatal brachial plexus palsy (38.3%), fracture of the clavicle (33.3%) and caput succedaneum (13.3%). Conclusion: New-born obstetric trauma are relatively frequent at the Centre hospitalier Roi Baudouin The diagnosis is delayed due to a lack of proper examination of the new-born in the delivery room. Systematic examination of new-born at birth would be a reliable means for the detection and early management of this condition.