alexa Optimal Dose and Modality of Exercise in Patients with Coronary ArteryDisease: A Review

Aerobics & Fitness
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Review Article

Optimal Dose and Modality of Exercise in Patients with Coronary ArteryDisease: A Review

Gilbert P. Ancira and John P. Higgins*
Department of Internal Medicine, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, Texas
*Corresponding Author : John Higgins P
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston
LBJ General Hospital, 5656 Kelley St, UT Annex-Room 104
Houston, Texas 77026-1967
Tel.: 713-500-6836
Fax: 713-500-5912
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 05, 2016; Accepted February 22, 2016; Published February 24, 2016
Citation: Ancira GP, Higgins JP (2016) Optimal Dose and Modality of Exercise in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Review. J Aerobics Fitness 1:103. doi:10.4172/ jafo.1000103
Copyright: © 2015 Ancira GP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Cardiac rehabilitation has established efficacy in reducing mortality in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. While the optimization of exercise modality and quantity for each patient is still an area of development, the purpose of this clinical review is to look at some of the latest research of such exercise modalities and quantities. We searched for randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis that would compare methods of physical rehabilitation in coronary artery disease patients. The research was critically appraised. We found that interval training is a new method of cardiac rehabilitation exercise that has thus far proven to be safe and efficient in low-risk coronary artery disease patients. Resistance training alone may be an alternative to the traditional combination of aerobic training and resistance training. Resistance training can begin to take a more prominent role in cardiac rehabilitation exercises. Interval training can be used in cardiac rehabilitation of low-risk CAD patients. More research is still needed to refine the optimal dosages and compare modalities of exercise and their mortality benefits.

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