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Oral Bacteria and Bowel Diseases Mini Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-069X

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
Open Access

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Mini Review

Oral Bacteria and Bowel Diseases Mini Review

Masahiro Yoneda1*, Nao Suzuki2, Hiromitsu Morita1 and Takao Hirofuji1

1Section of General Dentistry, Department of General Dentistry, Fukuoka Dental College, 2-15-1, Tamura, Sawara-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0193, Japan

2Section of Oral Public Health, Department of Preventive and Public Health, Fukuoka Dental College, 2-15-1, Tamura, Sawara-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0193, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Masahiro Yoneda
Section of General Dentistry, Department of General Dentistry
Fukuoka Dental College, 2-15-1,Tamura, Sawara-ku
Fukuoka, 814-0193, Japan
Tel: 81-90-8626-9149
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 11, 2016; Accepted Date: March 21, 2016; Published Date: March 28, 2016

Citation: Yoneda M, Suzuki N, Morita H, Hirofuji T (2016) Oral Bacteria and Bowel Diseases – Mini Review. J Gastrointest Dig Syst 6:404. doi: 10.4172/2161-069X.1000404

Copyright: © 2016 Yoneda M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Oral bacteria are considered to be associated with several systemic diseases. Recently, their association with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) and colorectal carcinoma has attracted much attention. In this mini-review, the association of oral bacteria with these diseases is briefly summarized. Fusobacterium nucleatum is known as a periodontopathic bacterium, and it is also associated with inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal carcinoma. Campylobacter concisus, which is found at the site of periodontitis, is associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Streptococcus mutans is a famous cariogenic bacterium, but a highlyvirulent strain of this bacterium is also associated with inflammatory bowel disease. In this way, both periodontopathic bacteria and cariogenic bacteria are associated with bowel diseases. Further epidemiological studies are necessary to reveal the cause and effect relationship between oral bacterial and bowel diseases.

Keywords

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