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Participatory Evaluation and Determination of N and P Fertilizer Application Rate on Yield and Yield Components of Upland Rice (NERICA-4) at Bambasi District, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

Participatory Evaluation and Determination of N and P Fertilizer Application Rate on Yield and Yield Components of Upland Rice (NERICA-4) at Bambasi District, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State

Getahun Dereje1*, Bogale Walelign2, Assefa Giddisa3, Hailemariam Solomon3, Afwork Hagos3, Alemu Dabi3, Regassa Dibaba3 and Dereje Alemu3

1Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia

2Agricultural Transformation Agency, Gabon St, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Assosa Agricultural Research Center, Assosa, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Getahun Dereje
Holeta Agricultural Research Center
Holeta, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 11 237 0376
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 11, 2017 Accepted Date: August 21, 2017 Published Date: August 31, 2017

Citation: Dereje G, Walelign B, Giddisa A, Solomon H, Hagos A, et al. (2017) Participatory Evaluation and Determination of N and P Fertilizer Application Rate on Yield and Yield Components of Upland Rice (NERICA-4) at Bambasi District, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State. Adv Crop Sci Tech 5: 303. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000303

Copyright: © 2017 Dereje G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Declining soil fertility is one of the major problems causing yield reduction of rice in Benishangul Gumuz Regional state. Therefore, field experiments were carried out at Bambasi District Assosa Zone, to evaluate and determine the effects of N and P fertilizer rate application on growth, yield and yield components of upland rice. The fertilizer treatments considered in the study was consist of four levels of N (0, 46, 92 and 138 kg N ha-1) and four levels of P (0, 23, 46, and 69 kg P2O5 ha-1). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications at Sonka FTC and on three farmers fields consisting of a total of 16 treatments (mother trial). The results of the study revealed that most of yield and yield components of rice were significantly (P<0.05) affected by the main effect of N on mother and baby trails. Except grain per panicle, straw and grain yield; other parameters are not affected by the main effect of P fertilizer rate application. The highest grain yield (3244 kg ha-1) was recorded from 92 kg N ha-1 combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha-1 and the lowest grain yield (1415.6 kg ha-1) was recorded from the control treatment. Partial budget analysis also indicated that the highest net return (28548 Birr ha-1) was obtained from the application of 92 kg N ha-1 combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha-1 fertilizer rate. Thus, from the result of this study, it can be concluded that the application of 92 kg N ha-1 combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha-1 was found to be superior both agronomically and economically for rice NERICA-4 variety under main cropping season in the study area.

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