Pattern of Hookah Smoking in Tabriz, Iran | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Pattern of Hookah Smoking in Tabriz, Iran

Asghar Mohammadpoorasl1, Fatemeh Heydarpour2*, Ahdieh Maleki3, Fatemeh Rostami4 and Mohammad Hassan Sahebihagh5

1Assistant professor of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

3MSc student of midwifery, Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4PhD student of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5PhD candidate of Nursing, Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Fatemeh Heydarpour
PhD student of Epidemiology
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Tehran university, Tehran, Iran
Tel: +989188309476
E-mail: [email protected]

Received January 02, 2013; Accepted January 29, 2013; Published February 04, 2013

Citation: Mohammadpoorasl A, Heydarpour F, Maleki A, Rostami F, Sahebihagh MH (2013) Pattern of Hookah Smoking in Tabriz, Iran. J Addict Res Ther 4:143. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000143

Copyright: © 2013 Mohammadpoorasl A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Although hookah smoking is common in Iran, there is a little information about this behavior. The aim of present study was to determine the pattern of hookah smoking and its related factors in Tabriz city. Ten coffee houses were selected randomly and a self-administered questionnaire offered to 50 randomly selected hookah smokers in each selected coffee houses. A total of 456 questionnaires were completed. The questionnaire consisted of some questions about demographic characteristics, rate of hookah smoking and reason for hookah smoking. The mean age of the subjects was 39 ± 14.3 (min. 14, max. 80) years old. The results showed that 82% of subjects smoked hookah at least 4 times week (Regular hookah smoker). Fifty-one percent of subjects were only hookah smokers and did not smoke cigarette. Also the majority of subjects believed that hookah smoking was an appropriate solution for cigarette smoking cessation. They believed that hookah smoking was less hazardous and also cheaper than cigarette smoking. This study showed characteristics of hookah smoker in the coffee houses. Based on the results of this study, there is appropriate setting to conduct more researches about effect of hookah smoking on diseases especially in form of case-control study, because more than half of the hookah smokers don’t smoke anything other than hookah.