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Journal of Tuberculosis and Therapeutics
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  • Case Report   
  • J Tuberc Ther 2016, Vol 1(1): 102

Pericardial Tuberculosis-A Case Report

Bruno Dos Santos Farnetano1*, Mara Lucia Farias2, Glauber Sousa Mendes Mota3, Cybelle Nunes Leão3 and Marilia Medeiros Vitório Machareth3
1Department of Internal Medicine, Viçosa Federal University, Viçosa-MG, Ozanam Coelho School of Medicine, , Ubá-MG, Brazil
2Department of Cardiology, Ozanam Coelho School of Medicine, , Ubá-MG, Brazil
3Hospital Santa Isabel, , Ubá-MG, Brazil
*Corresponding Author : Bruno Dos Santos Farnetano, Professor of Internal Medicine, Ozanam Coelho School of Medicine, Vicosa Federal University, Vicosa-MG, Uba-MG, Brazil, Tel: +5532999226865, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 24, 2016 / Accepted Date: Dec 30, 2016 / Published Date: Jan 06, 2017

Abstract

Pericardial tuberculosis is a rare extra pulmonary manifestation that affects approximately 1 to 2% of patients. Its clinical presentation is variable and nonspecific, which may hinder or delay the diagnostic definition resulting in late complications such as constrictive pericarditis and increased mortality. Imaging tests are noninvasive methods that may aid in presumptive diagnosis, since pericardial effusion is the most frequent sign. The finding of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pericardial tissue fragment biopsy or culture of pericardial fluid confirms the diagnosis. Therapy is shown to be highly effective with the use of the four-fold antituberculosis regimen for six months. The use of corticosteroids is controversial. The objective of this report is to present a case of pericardial tuberculosis associated with constrictive pericarditis diagnosed in the internal medicine service of a hospital in Ubá-MG, Brazil. It is very important to remember this pathology in cases of pericardial effusion of unknown etiology.

Keywords: Pericardial tuberculosis; Constrictive pericarditis; Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Citation: Farnetano BDS, Farias ML, Mota GSM, Leao CN, Machareth MMV (2017) Pericardial Tuberculosis-A Case Report. J Tuberc Ther 1: 102.

Copyright: ©2017 Farnetano BDS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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