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Potential Application of Chitin Signaling in Engineering Broad-Spectrum Disease Resistance to Fungal and Bacterial Pathogens in Plants | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Potential Application of Chitin Signaling in Engineering Broad-Spectrum Disease Resistance to Fungal and Bacterial Pathogens in Plants

Jeanne Andary1,2*, Jaqueline Maalouly3, Rosette Ouaini3, Hanna Chebib3, Marc Beyrouthy4, Douglas N Rutledge1,5 and Naim Ouaini2
1AgroParisTech, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, 16 rue Claude Bernard, Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
2Department of Chemistry and Life Science, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, 446 Jounieh, Lebanon
3Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Libanese University, 90656, Jdaideth El Maten, Fanar, Lebanon
4Faculty of Agronomy, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, 446 Jounieh, Lebanon
5INRA/AgroParisTech UMR1145 Food Process Engineering GENIAL, 16, rue Claude Bernard 75005 Paris, France
Corresponding Author : Jeanne Andary
Departement of Chemistry and life Science
Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, 446 Jounieh
Tel: +9619600900
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 18, 2013; Accepted February 28, 2013; Published March 12, 2013
Citation: Andary J, Maalouly J, Ouaini R, Chebib H, Beyrouthy M, et al. (2013) Phenolic Compounds from Diluted Acid Hydrolysates of Olive Stones: Effect of Overliming. Adv Crop Sci Tech 1:103. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000e103
Copyright: © 2013 Andary J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Chitin, a polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, is an important structural component in the cell walls of fungal pathogens. Plant chitinases are capable of degrading this component to directly inhibit infection by fungal pathogens. Plants can further detect the chitin fragments released by chitinases to trigger additional defense responses. Recent studies have identified chitin receptors in different plant species and a number of downstream signaling components. The chitin-mediated signal transduction pathway appears to be a unique and promising target for engineering plants for broad-spectrum resistance to various fungal as well as bacterial pathogens.

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