Predictors of Optimal Breastfeeding Practices Among Mothers Who Have Less Than 24 Months of Age Children in Misha District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia
|Mulatu Abageda1*, Tefera Belachew2, Aletyework Mokonen3 and Belayneh Hamdela4|
|1Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Wachemo University, Ethiopia|
|2College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Population and Family Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia|
|3College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Nursing, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia|
|4Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Ethiopia|
|Corresponding Author :||Mulatu Abageda
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Midwifery, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: May 15, 2014; Accepted: July 16, 2015; Published: July 20, 2015|
|Citation: Abageda M, Belachew T, Mokonen A, Hamdela B (2015) Predictors of Optimal Breastfeeding Practices Among Mothers Who Have Less Than 24 Months of Age Children in Misha District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia. J Preg Child Health 2:182. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000182|
|Copyright: © 2015 Abageda M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: Inappropriate infant feeding practices and infectious disease constitute about 60% of the infant and young child death globally. About 2/3 of these deaths are attributable to sub-optimal breastfeeding practices. Even though breast feeding is accepted and praised behaviour, mothers do not always follow the recommendations on breast feeding in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aims to determine the optimal breastfeeding practices and associated factors among mothers of children age less than two years in Misha district, South Ethiopia.
Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Misha district using structured interviewer administered questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with optimal breastfeeding practices.
Results: A high proportion 393 (62.7%) of mothers were breastfed their infants sub-optimally while only 234 (37.3%) mothers were breastfed their infants optimally. Wealth index, age of the child, receiving advice on breast feeding, pregnancy intention, place of residence and level of husband education were predictors of optimal breast feeding practices.
Conclusions: Below half (37.3%) of the mothers were breastfed their infants optimally. The place of residence, age of child, husband’s literacy, experience of breastfeeding advice, household wealth index and pregnancy intention were among the factors affecting optimal breastfeeding practices. Breast feeding promotion programs are needed for mothers, and should include health extension workers, local community’s health agents, health-care providers and maternity institutions.