Prenatal Education and Postpartum Well-being
Jasmah Md Hassan*
University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kualalumpur, Malaysia
- Corresponding Author:
- Jasmah Md Hassan
University Kebangsaan Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 30, 2016; Accepted April 28, 2016; Published April 30, 2016
Citation: Hassan JM (2016) Prenatal Education and Postpartum Well-being. J Preg Child Health 3:248. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000248
Copyright: © 2016 Hassan JM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Postpartum adjustment to the first-time parents is a great challenge in life. Failure to adjust and adapt in the early period of postpartum could lead to a more serious psychological disorders in the mothers as well as the fathers. Therefore, this study aimed to review the effectiveness of prenatal education as an early intervention toward postpartum adjustment and psychological well-being among the parents. Methods: An online electronic database searched was conducted and the relevant studies were selected and included based on the selection criteria. Result: Six studies were included in this review, however no consistent results were found in the studies. Three of the studies reported significant differences between the intervention and standard care groups. One of the study indicate a significant difference of the intervention in the prenatal period but no differences during the postpartum period. Studies which focused on specific psychological issues in the postpartum period would show a more significant result if the issues were presented during prenatal intervention. Conclusion: Prenatal education had different level of effectiveness in the postpartum adjustment and psychological well-being of a parent. The early intervention aimed at specific psychological issues during the postpartum period would yield a more effective result as compared to a more general postpartum adjustment issues. There were no standardized prenatal education program for the expecting parents but most of the studies structured the education programs according to their targeted needs of the study.