Prevalence and Risk Factors for Pre-Hypertension Among Adults in Burkina Faso, West AfricaTalato Kabore* and John Lazar
Shepherd University, School of Nursing, 320 N. San Fernando Road, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
- *Corresponding Author:
- Talato Kabore
Ph.D., Adjunct Professor
School of Nursing
320 N. San Fernando Road
Los Angeles, CA, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 24, 2016; Accepted Date: July 15, 2016; Published Date: July 22, 2016
Citation: Kabore T, Lazar J (2016) Prevalence and Risk Factors for Pre-Hypertension Among Adults in Burkina Faso, West Africa. J Comm Pub Health Nurs 2:130. doi:10.4172/2471-9846.1000130
Copyright: © 2016 Kabore T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for adults in Burkina Faso, West Africa.
Methods: Data were collected by using three surveys with physical, blood pressure measurements and lipid profile tests in a cross sectional study design. Multiple logistic regression and Structural Equation Modeling techniques were used to analyze data.
Results: The overall prevalence of low and high range prehypertension was 41% and 59% respectively. The causal modeling analysis demonstrated that 10% of the variance in pre-hypertensive event was explained by sociocultural factors; and 4.3% by the psychological factor. Lastly, 22.7% of the variance in pre-hypertensive SBP/DBP event was explained by the developmental factors. Unlike other studies, alcohol use was not significantly associated with prehypertension in this study, and also lipid levels did not significantly predict prehypertensive SBP/ DBP.
Conclusion: Developmental factors, household income, waist-to-hip ratio in women, obesity, being widowed, and religious beliefs were predictors for pre-hypertension in the sample. The findings provide preliminary data for future intervention research targeting prevention and/or reduction of pre-hypertension among adults in Burkina Faso.