Psychiatric Disorders Prevalence Comparison in Opiate-Dependent and Non-Opiate Dependent Individuals
Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardakani, Shahin Banaei-Boroujeni* and Ghasem Dastjerdi
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shahin Banaei-Boroujeni, M.D
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences
Yazd, Iran (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 19, 2013; Accepted June 14, 2013; Published June 20, 2013
Citation: Ardakani SMY, Banaei-Boroujeni S, Dastjerdi G (2013) Psychiatric Disorders Prevalence Comparison in Opiate-Dependent and Non-Opiate Dependent Individuals. J Addict Res Ther S8:005. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.S8-005
Copyright: © 2013 Ardakani SMY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Psychiatric disorders are causes of addicts’ rehabilitation failure, on the other side psychiatric diseases are not objective thus hardly diagnosed by general practitioners who play substantial roles in addiction treatment. To improve the treatment quality offered to opioid-dependent patients, this study aims to assess psychiatric characteristics of those addicts who have referred to rehabilitation centers. Method: These cross-sectional study 110 opioid-addicts along with their 110 family members were assessed. Patients were selected following a random cluster sampling method within 22 rehabilitation clinics. Individuals were randomly selected based on similar demographic characteristics (age, gender, education). Research tool was SCL- 90 Standard questionnaire, the questionnaire consists of 90 questions that addressing 9 psychiatric disorders. Data collection and entry into SPSS-16 software; the analysis was conducted following descriptive and analytical statistics such as chi-square and t-test at a significance level of 0.05. Results: Opioid-dependent patients’ average scores in all the assessed domains were higher than their family members, however; on somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, and anxiety the discrepancies were statically significant. Conclusion: A higher psychiatric disorders prevalence among the patients compared to their family members can be explained in a way that their tendency toward drugs is due to their psychiatric problems and since drug abuse also develops psychiatric problems, therefore; further studies are recommended to explain the main reason for such high disorder rate among the patients.