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Radiological Features of the Brain and Spinal Cord Gliomas on Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN:2167-7964

OMICS Journal of Radiology
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Research Article

Radiological Features of the Brain and Spinal Cord Gliomas on Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Sultan Alshoabi1,2, Moawia Gameraddin1* and JumaaTamboul1
1Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia
2Al-Thawra Modern General Hospital (TMGH), Republic of Yemen
Corresponding Author : Moawia Gameraddin
Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology
Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences
Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawarah
Saudi Arabia
Tel: + 00966534821130
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 06, 2015 Accepted: December 23, 2015 Published: December 28, 2015
Citation: Alshoabi S, Gameraddin M, Tamboul J (2015) Radiological Features of the Brain and Spinal Cord Gliomas on Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. OMICS J Radiol 4:211. doi:10.4172/2167-7964.1000211
Copyright: © 2015 Alshoabi S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to characterize the site, types and radiological features of gliomas, such as edema, mass effect, and type of enhancement on CT-scan and MRI imaging.

Patients and methods: Thirty-three patients were studied retrospectively from the PACS system of multi-slice CT-scanner and MRI using the protocol of imaging of the head and spine.

Results: Gliomas involved male patients more than females (60.1% vs. 39.9%). About 96.9% of the gliomas were in the brain and only 3.1% was in the cervical spine. Nearly 51.5% of the gliomas showed radiographic features of low-grade gliomas and 48.5% showed radiographic features of high-grade gliomas. Approximately 30% of gliomas were located at the parietal lobe of the brain. Nearly 45.5% of the gliomas showed heterogenous enhancement, 36.4% marginal enhancement and 5.1% had no enhancement after contrast administration.

Conclusion: Gliomas were more common in male than female and high grade in elderly while low-grade gliomas in children. Gliomas were mostly involving the parietal lobes. The majority of gliomas showed heterogeneous enhancement after contrast administration. Magnetic resonance imaging is the most effective imaging method to characterize gliomas.

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