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Risk Factors for HIV Infection among Thai Young Men Aged 21-23 Years | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 2016, Vol 6(3): 248
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000248

Risk Factors for HIV Infection among Thai Young Men Aged 21-23 Years

Boonterm Saengdidtha1*, Ram Rangsin2, Hatairat Kaoaiem3 and Orausa Sathityudhakarn1
1Royal Thai Army Medical Department, , Bangkok, Thailand
2Department of Military & Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, , Bangkok, Thailand
3Royal Thai Army Nursing College, , Bangkok, Thailand
*Corresponding Author : Boonterm Saengdidtha, Royal Thai Army Medical Department, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: May 21, 2014 / Accepted Date: May 31, 2016 / Published Date: Jun 07, 2016


Background: Young men are a highly susceptible group for HIV infection. This study aimed to identify HIV risk factors among Thai young men aged 21-23 years for appropriate preventive interventions.

Methods: A case control study was conducted among 240 HIV positive and 240 HIV negative young men matched for residential areas, using a 6-part questionnaire booklet, consisting of demographic data, addictive behaviors, sexual behaviors, HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitude, condom knowledge, attitude and practice and psychosocial data. The SPSS version 10 software were used for data analysis.

Results: From univariate analysis, the significant risk factors were: urban housing area (OR=1.61); labor occupation (OR=1.70); income of more than 2000 Baht/month (OR=1.74); early secondary level of education and lower (OR=2.71); smoking (OR=2.46); alcohol use (OR=1.61); marijuana use (OR=4.57); amphetamine use (OR=3.44); heroin use (OR=9.32); alcohol use before sex (OR=1.74); drug use before sex (OR=3.76); IDU (OR=6.02); needle sharing (OR=5.80); first sex with female sex workers (FSWs) (OR=3.52); having more than 3 lifetime sex partners (OR=2.14); history of anal sex (OR=2.25); history of STDs (OR=2.80); HIV risk perception (OR=1.61); high speed driving preference (OR=2.73); unability of safe sex talk with partners (OR=1.78); unworrying about HIV (OR=2.28). From multiple logistic regression analysis, the variables found to be predictive of HIV positivity were: income of more than 2000 Baht/month (OR=1.94, 95% CI=1.13, 3.31); heroin use (OR=4.18, 95% CI=1.03, 16.89); drug use before sex (OR=2.20, 95 % CI=1.13, 4.29); first sex with FSWs (OR=3.47, 95 % CI=1.69, 7.13); HIV risk perception (OR=1.86, 95% CI=1.07, 3.25); unworrying about HIV (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.16, 3.07).

Conclusions: The HIV risk factors can be used for intervention programs for HIV prevention and develop a risk assessment scale to indicate which young men are at-risk for HIV infection and should be educated or counseled to reduce their risks.

Keywords: Risk factors, HIV infection, Thai, Young men

Citation: Saengdidtha B, Rangsin R, Kaoaiem H, Sathityudhakarn O (2016) Risk Factors for HIV Infection among Thai Young Men Aged 21-23 Years. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:248. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000248

Copyright: © 2016 Saengdidtha B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Review summary

  1. Terri Bloxam
    Posted on Oct 03 2016 at 2:29 pm
    The idea behind the paper is noble and relevant. The authors studied the various risk factors that increase the probability of HIV infection especially in young men. The study was confined to thai population. Similar studies must be conducted in different parts of world to access the different risk factors and devise appropriate methods to handle them.