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Sero-Epidemiology of Toxoplasmosis among the People of Khorram Abad, Iran | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

Sero-Epidemiology of Toxoplasmosis among the People of Khorram Abad, Iran

Almasian R1, Almasian M2 and Zibaei M3*
1Iranian Institute of Standards and Industrial Research, Khorram Abad, Iran
2Department of Biostatistics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Corresponding Author : Mohammad Zibaei
Department of Parasitology and Mycology
School of Medicine
Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Tel: +98 26 325 633 16
Fax: +98 26 325 633 25
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 25, 2014; Accepted August 25, 2014; Published August 30, 2014
Citation: Almasian R, Almasian M and Zibaei M (2014) Sero-Epidemiology of Toxoplasmosis among the People of Khorram Abad, Iran. J Infect Dis Ther 2:159. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000159
 
Copyright: © 2014 Almasian R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 
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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic, zoonotic pathogen with a worldwide distribution. There are large variations in the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection in different regions of the world. Although toxoplasmosis became a notifiable sectional study aimed to survey the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection and its risk factors among people in Khorram Abad. In the present study, simple random sampling was carried out on the referents to 6 medical diagnostic laboratories (from among the 9 laboratories available in the city). The tests were performed on the 1000 blood serum samples using the IFA (immunofluorescent antibody assay) method and the effects of three variables including place of residence, occupation, and marital status were considered. Of the 1000 Khorram Abad studied, 831 (83.1%) were positive for Anti-T. gondii IgG antibody and 169 (16.9%) were negative. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection did vary with residency, material status, and occupation (P<0.05). Our results demonstrate serological evidence of Toxoplasma exposure among Khorram Abad which may be impacting their health. Results of this first study of Toxoplasma infection in Khorram Abad may be useful for the design of optimal preventive measures against infection with Toxoplasma.

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Citations : 1200

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