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Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies in Pregnant Women, Benue State, Nigeria | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies in Pregnant Women, Benue State, Nigeria

Umeh EU1*, Onoja TO1, Aguoru CU1 and Umeh JC2
1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Umeh EU
Department of Agricultural Economics
University of Agriculture, Makurdi
Benue State, Nigeria
Tel: 5083347872
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: September 07, 2015 Accepted: October 02, 2015 Published: October 10, 2015
Citation: Umeh EU, Onoja TO, Aguoru CU, Umeh JC (2015) Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies in Pregnant Women, Benue State, Nigeria. J Infect Dis Ther 3:242. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000242
Copyright: © 2015 Umeh EU, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a member of the herpes family, belongs to a group of vertically transmitted infections referred to as the TORCH complex including: Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes Simplex. Known to be frequently transmitted to developing foetus, it remains one of the leading causes of congenital viral infections. Although the infection has been detected in Nigerian neonates, its awareness is limited particularly in a growing metropolitan city like Makurdi, Nigeria. In this study, the prevalence of CMV antibodies and their association with some socio-demographic factors in pregnant women was evaluated. Pregnant women (N=375; age range=15 to 50 years) attending ante-natal clinic in different hospitals in Makurdi were screened for the infection. Five-ml venous blood was collected from each participant for serological studies, and structured questionnaire was used to obtain socio-demographic data. Serum samples were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. The overall prevalence of anti-CMV IgG-antibodies was 93.3% (n=350) and was 3.5% (n=13) for anti- CMV IgM-antibodies. Prevalence of anti-CMV IgG and IgM antibodies was significantly associated with gravidity (PIgG=0.012; PIgM=0.001), while prevalence of anti-CMV IgM only was associated with marital status (P=0.035). The prevalence of anti-CMV IgG antibodies was highest (100%) in older pregnant women aged 41-50 years, but was lowest (85.0%) in younger ones aged 15-20 years. Risk factors for the disease such as history of blood transfusion, scarification, and multiple sexual partners were important, even though not statistically significant (P>0.05). Women of child-bearing age in the growing metropolitan city of Makurdi, Nigeria need to be educated on precautionary measures that will prevent cytomegalovirus infection.