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ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
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Research Article

Study on Factors Associated with Repeated Gambling Among Gamblers Anonymous Participants

Muraki S1, Kaneko F2, Okamura H2*

1Department of Nursing Faculty of Health, Hiroshima Cosmopolitan University, Japan

2Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Okamura H
Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan
Tel: +81-82-257-5450
Fax: +81-82-257-5454
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 16, 2015; Accepted date: December 18, 2015;5 Published date: December 25, 2015

Citation: Muraki S, Kaneko F, Okamura H (2015) Study on Factors Associated with Repeated Gambling Among Gamblers Anonymous Participants . J Addict Res Ther 6:251. doi:0.4172/2155-6105.1000251

Copyright: © 2015 Okamura H et al., This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: While there are some Gamblers Anonymous (GA) participants who gamble again, no studies have investigated factors that differentiate GA participants who can quit repeated gambling from those who gamble again. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether individuals who participated in GA, a self-help groups, gambled again, and to identify the factors that were associated with those who gambled again after participating in GA.
Methods: The subjects were 58 pathological gamblers who had participated in GA group meetings. We divided the subjects into 2 groups, a group who had gambled again and group who had not, and we investigated associations with their basic information, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait Version (STAI-T), Generalized Self Efficacy Scale (GSES), and Effortful Control Scale for Adults (ECSA).
Results: The replies regarding whether they had gambled again after participating in GA showed that 25 (43.1%) had not and 33 had (56.9%). A logistic regression analysis showed that GSES and ECSA “inhibitory control” as significant factors that were associated with whether a subject returned to gambling.
Conclusion: These results suggested that it may be possible to identify people who have a temperament that makes them tend to gamble again by evaluating their self-efficacy and inhibitory control.

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