Suicide: A Complex Phenomenon, Risk Assessment, a Dilemma of Emergency Room Physicians | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Open Access

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Review Article

Suicide: A Complex Phenomenon, Risk Assessment, a Dilemma of Emergency Room Physicians

Saeed Ahmed1, Mariyah Hussain2*, Sanya Virani3, Sara Dar4, Venkatesh Sreeram5, Rizwan Ahmed6, Muhammad Taha Farooq7, Pooja Shah8,Tanzeel Shah9, Satneet Singh10, Sushma Kosaraju11 and Manpreet Gill12

1Nassau University Medical Center, USA

2Foundation University Medical College, USA

3University of Minnesota School of Public Health, USA

4FMH College of Medicine and Dentistry, USA

5Yale University PET Center, USA

6Liaquat Medical and Dentistry College, USA

7Howard University Hospital, USA

8S.S.R.Medical College, USA

9NYU Langone Medical Center, USA

10Tver State Medical Academy, USA

11Meenakshi Medical College and Research Institute, India

12Stanford University School of Medicine, USA

Corresponding Author:
Mariyah Hussain
Foundation University Medical College, United States
Tel: 8324908395
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 10, 2015 Accepted date: September 24, 2015 Published date: September 30, 2015

Citation: Ahmed S, Hussain M, Virani S, Dar S, Sreeram V, et al. (2015) Suicide: A Complex Phenomenon, Risk Assessment, a Dilemma of Emergency Room Physicians. J Addict Res Ther 6:245. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000245

Copyright: © 2015 Ahmed S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Worldwide, suicide remains a huge public health and social dilemma resulting in the loss of approximately one million lives each year. It is one of the three leading causes of death among the most economically productive age group, i.e., 15-44 years and the second leading cause among the youth. The greatest burden is borne by the low and middle-income countries, ill-equipped to deal with the mental health issues of their populations. High-income countries replete with resources are also struggling with the issue because of inaccessible services or lack of reinforcement of preventative policies. This paper summarizes the theoretical bases of suicide to help better understand the motivations of the most vulnerable groups. In addition, it provides an overview of risk factors and assessment tools. Further, it lays down the guidelines for preventative and management strategies. The aim is to assist clinicians in addressing specific underlying causes of suicidal behaviors and developing quick and effective action plans to help those in dire need.