The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design
- *Corresponding Author:
- Loulou Kobeissi
Division of Cancer Control and Prevention Research
School of Public Health, UCLA, 827 Levering Avenue
suite 610, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 30, 2011; Accepted date: January 13, 2012; Published date: January 15, 2012
Citation: Kobeissi L, Hamra R, Samari G, Khalifeh M, Koleilat L (2012) The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design. Epidemiol 2:112. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000112
Copyright: © 2012 Kobeissi L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Background: Breast cancer screening and early detection lead to better prognosis, survival rates and quality of life. The Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) organizes yearly national-subsidized mammography campaigns in October, since 2002. This paper describes the characteristics of women attending the 2009 MoPH mammography campaign and explores factors influencing their first-time participation.
Materials and Methods: Data from 83 mammography centers on 10,953 women (gathered during October- December 2009) were analyzed. The data were collected by the radiology technicians at the centers, using a closedended questionnaire. Data management and analysis was done using SPSS. Analysis included descriptive, bi-variate statistics and backward logistic regression.
Results: The mean age of women attending the campaign was 49 (SD 9.67) years. 84.1% of the women were married, 13.6% had some form of university education, and 40.7% were current smokers. 82.9% indicated to have ever breast fed, and 36.9% were current or ever users of OCP. As for family history, 8.9% indicated to have an aunt on the mother’s side with breast cancer, 8.8% have a sister, 7.5% an aunt on the father’s side, and 7.3% have a mother. 68.2% of the women participated in the campaign for the first time. 97.8% indicated they would repeat the exam next year. 88.8% considered the price acceptable. 51.6% had normal diagnosis. Television messages and a friend were the two most common routes via which the woman heard of the campaign. Women who participated in the campaign before compared to those participating for the first time: were more likely to be independently-significantly: older, of higher educational levels, non-smokers, and with a family history of breast cancer.
Conclusion: Such an assessment is important in order to enhance outreach as well as identify factors that could contribute to better service delivery, capacity and quality.