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The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiol 2012, Vol 2(1): 112
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000112

The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design

Loulou Kobeissi1*, Rasha Hamra2, Goleen Samari3, Leila Koleilat4 and Mohammad Khalifeh5
1Division of Cancer Control and Prevention Research, Community of Health Sciences Department, School of Public Health, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), , Ca-USA, USA
2Director of Health Education Department, Ministry of Public Health, , Beirut-Lebanon, Lebanon
3Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California-Los Angeles, , CA, USA
4Department of Communication, Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., , Beirut-Lebanon, Lebanon
5Division of General Surgery, Director HPB & Liver Transplantation Unit, American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut-Lebanon, Lebanon
*Corresponding Author : Loulou Kobeissi, Division of Cancer Control and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, UCLA, 827 Levering Avenue, Suite 610, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA, Tel: +1-248-787-3427, Email:

Received Date: Nov 30, 2011 / Accepted Date: Jan 13, 2012 / Published Date: Jan 15, 2012


Background: Breast cancer screening and early detection lead to better prognosis, survival rates and quality of life. The Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) organizes yearly national-subsidized mammography campaigns in October, since 2002. This paper describes the characteristics of women attending the 2009 MoPH mammography campaign and explores factors influencing their first-time participation.

Materials and Methods: Data from 83 mammography centers on 10,953 women (gathered during October- December 2009) were analyzed. The data were collected by the radiology technicians at the centers, using a closedended questionnaire. Data management and analysis was done using SPSS. Analysis included descriptive, bi-variate statistics and backward logistic regression.

Results: The mean age of women attending the campaign was 49 (SD 9.67) years. 84.1% of the women were married, 13.6% had some form of university education, and 40.7% were current smokers. 82.9% indicated to have ever breast fed, and 36.9% were current or ever users of OCP. As for family history, 8.9% indicated to have an aunt on the mother’s side with breast cancer, 8.8% have a sister, 7.5% an aunt on the father’s side, and 7.3% have a mother. 68.2% of the women participated in the campaign for the first time. 97.8% indicated they would repeat the exam next year. 88.8% considered the price acceptable. 51.6% had normal diagnosis. Television messages and a friend were the two most common routes via which the woman heard of the campaign. Women who participated in the campaign before compared to those participating for the first time: were more likely to be independently-significantly: older, of higher educational levels, non-smokers, and with a family history of breast cancer.

Conclusion: Such an assessment is important in order to enhance outreach as well as identify factors that could contribute to better service delivery, capacity and quality.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Mammography campaign; Lebanon

Citation: Kobeissi L, Hamra R, Samari G, Khalifeh M, Koleilat L (2012) The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design. Epidemiol 2:112. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000112

Copyright: © 2012 Kobeissi L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited