The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design
Received Date: Nov 30, 2011 / Accepted Date: Jan 13, 2012 / Published Date: Jan 15, 2012
Background: Breast cancer screening and early detection lead to better prognosis, survival rates and quality of life. The Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) organizes yearly national-subsidized mammography campaigns in October, since 2002. This paper describes the characteristics of women attending the 2009 MoPH mammography campaign and explores factors influencing their first-time participation.
Materials and Methods: Data from 83 mammography centers on 10,953 women (gathered during October- December 2009) were analyzed. The data were collected by the radiology technicians at the centers, using a closedended questionnaire. Data management and analysis was done using SPSS. Analysis included descriptive, bi-variate statistics and backward logistic regression.
Results: The mean age of women attending the campaign was 49 (SD 9.67) years. 84.1% of the women were married, 13.6% had some form of university education, and 40.7% were current smokers. 82.9% indicated to have ever breast fed, and 36.9% were current or ever users of OCP. As for family history, 8.9% indicated to have an aunt on the mother’s side with breast cancer, 8.8% have a sister, 7.5% an aunt on the father’s side, and 7.3% have a mother. 68.2% of the women participated in the campaign for the first time. 97.8% indicated they would repeat the exam next year. 88.8% considered the price acceptable. 51.6% had normal diagnosis. Television messages and a friend were the two most common routes via which the woman heard of the campaign. Women who participated in the campaign before compared to those participating for the first time: were more likely to be independently-significantly: older, of higher educational levels, non-smokers, and with a family history of breast cancer.
Conclusion: Such an assessment is important in order to enhance outreach as well as identify factors that could contribute to better service delivery, capacity and quality.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Mammography campaign; Lebanon
Citation: Kobeissi L, Hamra R, Samari G, Khalifeh M, Koleilat L (2012) The 2009 Lebanese National Mammography Campaign: Results and Assessment Using a Survey Design. Epidemiol 2:112. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000112
Copyright: © 2012 Kobeissi L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
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