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The Effect of Varenicline Administration on Cannabis and Tobacco Use in Cannabis and Nicotine Dependent Individuals and#195;and#162;and#194;and#8364;and#194;and#8220; A Case-Series | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
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Case Report

The Effect of Varenicline Administration on Cannabis and Tobacco Use in Cannabis and Nicotine Dependent Individuals – A Case-Series

David A L Newcombe1,2*, Natalie Walker1,3, Janie Sheridan1,4 and Susanna Galea1,2,5

1The Centre for Addiction Research, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

2The School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

3National Institute for Health Innovation, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

4The School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

5Community Alcohol and Drug Services, Waitemata District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand

Corresponding Author:
Dr David Newcombe
School of Population Health
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences
the University of Auckland-Tamaki
Campus, 261 Morrin Road
Glen Innes, Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 64 9 923 6557
Fax: 64 9 303 5932
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 19, 2015; Accepted date: April 23, 2015; Published date: April 30, 2015

Citation: Newcombe DAL, Walker N, Sheridan J, Galea S (2015) The Effect of Varenicline Administration on Cannabis and Tobacco Use in Cannabis and Nicotine Dependent Individuals – A Case-Series. J Addict Res Ther 6: 222. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000222

Copyright: ©2015 Newcombe DAL, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Introduction: Cannabis users may also use tobacco products which increases the potential for drug-induced harm over and above that caused by one substance on its own. Therefore, a pharmacotherapy that treats dependence on both substances would be beneficial. Tetrahydrocannabinol and varenicline act at the α7 subtype of the nicotinic receptor and so it was hypothesised that varenicline may also effect cannabis use.

Methods: Five nicotine and cannabis dependent individuals (median age 37), who were attending a community alcohol and drug service, and who expressed a desire to quit tobacco smoking, were prescribed 12 weeks of varenicline and were followed up weekly for the first month, then fortnightly for as long as possible over this time.

Results: Four of the five cases reported reducing their use of both substances after commencing varenicline, and also of experiencing less enjoyment from using these substances. The remaining case withdrew early in the study due to a migraine. No participant reported taking varenicline for more than 6 weeks, and only one could be followed up for 12 weeks. The reasons reported by participants for ceasing varenicline included feeling flat, experiencing nausea and vomiting, feeling angry and being short tempered, and as a result of a variety of family stressors.

Conclusion: The administration of varenicline to cannabis users was associated with reductions in the enjoyment reported from using cannabis, and the amount of cannabis used. These results support further investigation of varenicline’s potential as a therapeutic intervention to treat dependence on nicotine and cannabis.

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Citations : 2557

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy received 2557 citations as per Google Scholar report

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