The Impact of Severity of Antenatal Anaemia on Maternal and Perinatal Outcome in Hospital Serdang, Central MalaysiaMaiza Tusimin1*, Aishah Yazit2, Nur Syaza Zainulddin2, VS Selvavaani KN Vaiappuri2and Sabariah Md Noor2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maiza Tusimin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University Putra, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 22, 2016; Accepted date: October 28, 2016; Published date: October 31, 2016
Citation: Tusimin M, Yazit A, Zainulddin NS, Vaiappuri VSSKN, Md Noor S (2016) The Impact of Severity of Antenatal Anaemia on Maternal and Perinatal Outcome in Hospital Serdang, Central Malaysia. J Preg Child Health 3:291. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000291
Copyright: © 2016 Tusimin M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Anaemia in pregnancy is one of the most common public health issues in developing countries, affecting approximately 60% of pregnant woman worldwide. Severity of antenatal anaemia had been robustly linked with complications in maternal and perinatal outcome. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the relationship of antenatal anaemia with maternal and perinatal outcome among parturient delivering in Hospital Serdang. Materials and method: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary public hospital in Serdang, Selangor. 473 anaemic mothers were recruited from the electronic medical database by clinical notes and cross-referencing to the datasets of relevant test. All subjects received antenatal oral iron supplementation. Results: Multiparous mother contributed to majority of the anemia cases in pregnancy (60.5%). Out of 473 anaemic mother suffering from Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA), 61.3% (n=290) mothers had mild anaemia, 38.5% (n=182), and 0.2% (n=1) mothers had moderate and severe anaemia respectively. A significant association was demonstrated between severity of anaemia with post-partum haemorrhage and small for gestational age. On contrary, severity of maternal anaemia was non-significantly associated with placenta abnormalities, pre-eclampsia and sepsis. Conclusion: Anaemia amongst pregnant women especially multipara imposed a spectrum of health problems to both, mother and child. Prevention is not insurmountable; hence active intervention by all level of health care provider is imperative in order to decrease poor maternal and perinatal outcome.