The Placement of a Glass Ionomer Surface Protection Material on Permanent Molars of Special Olympics Athletes | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0702

Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health
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Research Article

The Placement of a Glass Ionomer Surface Protection Material on Permanent Molars of Special Olympics Athletes

Basak Durmus*, Ilknur Tanboga, Eda Haznedaroglu, Isil Özgül K and Figen Eren G

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Basak Durmus
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
School of Dentistry, Marmara University
Istanbul, Turkey
Tel: 902122319120
Fax: +902122465247
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 28, 2013; Accepted Date: June 07, 2013; Published Date: June 11, 2013

Citation: Durmus B, Tanboga I, Haznedaroglu E, Isil Özgül K, Figen Eren G (2013) The Placement of a Glass Ionomer Surface Protection Material on Permanent Molars of Special Olympics Athletes. J Oral Hyg Health 1:105. doi:10.4172/2332-0702.1000105

Copyright: © 2013 Durmus B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: Healthy Athletes is a Special Olympics program that provides free health screenings in various health areas to Special Olympics athletes. The Special Smiles Program within that organization provides oral health screening and data collection for intellectually disabled special athletes participating in sports events. These athletes in many parts of the world have been reported to have poor oral health and high unmet treatment needs.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the oral status of Turkish Special Olympics athletes, and to assess the quantity of untreated caries and dental restorative needs, using specifically dedicated screening forms designed to be helpful in motivating oral hygiene, and also to evaluate the clinical applicability of a high fluoride content glass ionomer sealant and surface protection material (Fuji TRIAGE®, GC Europe N.V.), on permanent molars of a group of Special Olympics athletes.

Methods: Ninety-two Special Olympics athletes, aged 8-25, received oral examinations and evaluations by trained volunteers, using the standardized Special Smiles screening forms and protocol. Following the screening, the surface protection material was placed on surfaces of caries-free first permanent molars of athletes by the ART approach.

Results: A total of 92 athletes aged 8 to 25 years, 43 (46.7%) females and 49 (53.2%) males, participated in the screening. Of the examined athletes, 34 (37%) cleaned their mouths once daily, 15 (16.3%) reported oral pain, 62 (67.4%) had untreated caries, 16 (17%) had fillings, 60 (65.2%) had gingival signs suggestive of periodontal disease, 38 (41.3%) needed urgent care, and 54 (58.6%) required nonurgent care. The surface protection material was placed on a total of 273 occlusal surfaces of permanent molars.

Conclusion: Our findings offer an evaluation of the oral health of a group of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities in Turkey. Results showed high preventive and restorative oral health needs in the Special Olympics athletes. Therefore, offered in a fun, welcoming environment, effective and easily applied preventive protocols and treatments may be specifically designed for those athletes to be helpful in providing oral hygiene. The glass ionomer surface protection material could be used satisfactorily for caries prevention. The longer-term clinical performance of this material should now be assessed.


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