The Regulation of Sustainable Mangroves and Coastal Zones Management in IndonesiaDina Sunyowati?*, Lina Hastuti and Franky Butar-Butar
Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
- Dina Sunyowati
Faculty of Law
University of Airlangga
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 18, 2016 Accepted Date: December 02, 2016 Published Date: December 09, 2016
Citation: Sunyowati D, Hastuti L, Butar-Butar F (2016) The Regulation of Sustainable Mangroves and Coastal Zones Management in Indonesia. J Civil Legal Sci 6: 220. doi: 10.4172/2169-0170.1000220
Copyright: © 2016 Sunyowati D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Mangroves are part of the forest ecosystem as a whole and lives between land and sea. Mangroves are very important in the management of coastal resources in Indonesia. In addition to having influence in the coastal ecological system, mangroves also have economic potential, which is derived from three main sources, namely: forestry, fisheries estuaries, and coastal/internal waters. Mangroves have an important role in protecting coastal and maintaining the habitat for several species with diversity in certain coastal zones. In the past 5 years, the condition of mangrove forests has decreased both in number and in their wide function as a buffer in the coastal zone. This was triggered by loosening licensing by the municipality or province to the entrepreneurs settlement, a location exploitation permit for companies or sites that are not environmentally friendly. This deterioration was also caused by overlapping legislation and mangrove forest management authority as part of the natural resources in coastal zones as well as illegal logging in mangrove forests. The research method used in this paper is normative juridical, with the conceptual and statute approach. Based on data from the Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia, there are coastal zones in Indonesia that still have good potentials and vast areas of mangrove forests such as those in Papua, Eastern Borneo and Southern Borneo, Riau and South Sumatra. Sustainable and integrated management are necessary to prevent the loss of mangrove areas in Indonesia. The mangrove management should be integrated and sustainable and be based on local community.