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The Response of White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Portions to Positive Selection for Quality Seed Yam Production | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

The Response of White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Portions to Positive Selection for Quality Seed Yam Production

Daniel Osabhie Aihebhoria*, Beatrice Aighewi and Morufat Balogun

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Abuja, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Daniel Osabhie Aihebhoria
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
Abuja, Nigeria
Tel: +2348061613016
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 28, 2017; Accepted Date: June 23, 2017; Published Date: July 05, 2017

Citation: Aihebhoria DO, Aighewi B, Balogun M (2017) The Response of White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Portions to Positive Selection for Quality Seed Yam Production. Adv Crop Sci Tech 5:294. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000294

Copyright: © 2017 Aihebhoria DO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The production of yams is constrained by high cost and unavailability of clean planting materials, pests and diseases. Vegetative propagation has also caused a build of up diseases, reported to cause up to 80% yield reduction due to scarcity of quality declared seeds. Planting of disease-free material has been found to be effective in reducing disease problems in plants. This study was conducted to produce clean seed yam by reducing yam diseases through positive selection method. In this method, apparently healthy yam plants were identified, tagged (positive selection), assessed for yam mosaic virus incidence and severity using the scale 0 or 1 and 1-5 respectively. The harvested clean tubers from tagged plants were planted the following season so as to determine the rate of response of each genotype and tuber portion to positive selection. At the end of two cycles of positive selection, analysis of variance for percentage number of positive yam plants, YMV incidence, YMV severity and tuber yield shows significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between positive selection and no selection for both field and screen house plants. It was observed that positively selected plants performed significantly (p ≤ 0.05) better than no selection plants. For field experiment, Number of positively selected plants was highest in positive TDr89/02665 with mean value of 75.00% while no selection Ogoja had the least number of positive plants (17.8%). A yield increase of 1.80 t/ha was recorded due to the application of positive selection method in two cycles. For screen house experiment, result followed a similar trend; however with a reduction in YMV incidence and severity. It is worthy to note that tail portions of yam were lest infected with YMV, hence more healthy plants were selected from the tail portion.

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