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Three-Dimensional Analysis of Mandibular Foramen Location: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN:2167-7964

OMICS Journal of Radiology
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Review Article

Three-Dimensional Analysis of Mandibular Foramen Location: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

Osman Sami AĞLARCI1*, Enes GÜNGÖR2, Mustafa ALTUNSOY3, Bilge NUR3, Evren OK4 and Mehmet ÇOLAK2
1Department of Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Turkey
2Department of Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Dicle University, Turkey
3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Turkey
4Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Turkey
Corresponding Author : Osman Sami AGLARCI
Department of Maxillofacial Radiology
Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University
Ankara Cad. No: 45 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
Tel: +90 532 5048054
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 15, 2014; Accepted February 08, 2015; Published February 11, 2015
Citation: AĞLARCI OS, GÜNGÖR E, ALTUNSOY M, NUR B, OK E, et al. (2015) Three-Dimensional Analysis of Mandibular Foramen Location: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study. OMICS J Radiol 4:179 doi:10.4172/2167-7964.1000179
Copyright: ©2015 AĞLARCI OS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: The mandibular foramen (MF) is the beginning of the mandibular canal located on the internal surface of the ramus mandible. The authors aimed to determine the three-dimensional position of MF to guide clinician for inferior alveolar nerve block and surgical procedures. Methods: CBCT images of 571 mandibular foramens from 286 patients (146 female, 140 male) aged between 8-69 years were evaluated. Up to the age of 18 were considered as growth group, and the others as adult group. Distances from midpoint of the MF to anatomic landmarks measured. Mann-Whitney U test, univariate varience of analysis and Spearman’s correlation were performed for the statistical comparisons. Results: MF is positioned nearly 1.58 mm behind the midpoint of the ramus horizontally 4.27 mm above the midpoint vertically. There were a significant difference for location of MF among gender, and for width, height and distance to occlusal plane between growth and adult groups. Measured distances were significantly correlated with age only in growth group. Clinical Significance Taking into consideration the anatomy and age of the patient may help better locate the MF for promoting successful and safe treatment procedures with reduced complications.

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