alexa Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis Patients at Gambella
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis Patients at Gambella Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Three-year Retrospective Study

Getahun Asebe1*, Haimanot Dissasa2, Takele Teklu3, Gebremedihin Gebreegizeabhe4, Ketema Tafese5 and Gobena Ameni6
1Gambella University, Post Box No. 126, Gambella, Ethiopia
2Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
3University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia
4Semera University, Semera, Ethiopia
5Arsi University, Ethiopia
6Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Corresponding Author : Getahun Asebe
Gambella University, Post Box No. 126
Gambella, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-111-239706
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 26, 2015; Accepted April 11, 2015; Published April 18, 2015
Citation: Asebe G, Dissasa H, Teklu T, Gebreegizeabhe G, Tafese K, et al. (2015) Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis Patients at Gambella Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Three-year Retrospective Study. J Infect Dis Ther 3:211. doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000211
Copyright: © 2015 Asebe G et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: The study conducted in Gambella Regional hospital that include three years TB treatment outcome.

Methods: This study analyzed the records of 1,156 TB patients registered in hospital from January 2011 to June 2013. Bivariate analyses with a logistic regression model used to analyze the association between treatment outcome and potential predictor variables.

Results: The study categorized 1,156 TB patients status as, 251 (21.71%) extra pulmonary TB (EPTB), 398 (34.43%) smear positive pulmonary TB (PTB) and 507 (43.86%) smear negative PTB cases. Among the study subjects, 280 (24.22%) were Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive. The treatment outcome was classified successfully treated, 814(70.76%), defaulted, 97 (8.39%), transferred out, 198 (17.13%), died, 43 (3.72%) and treatment failed, 4 (0.35%) patients.

Conclusion: This study showed that TB patients’ treatment success rate treated at the hospital DOTS clinic found below the national success rate. Treatment of HIV-TB co-infection cases needs a better attention in the study area with a continuous of strengthening and monitoring of treatment outcome for successful TB control program. As a recommendation farther research should be done to identify causes of a common reason for unsuccessful treatment outcome in TB patients and working on the increasing awareness of the community.


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