Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis Patients at Gambella Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Three-year Retrospective Study
|Getahun Asebe1*, Haimanot Dissasa2, Takele Teklu3, Gebremedihin Gebreegizeabhe4, Ketema Tafese5 and Gobena Ameni6|
|1Gambella University, Post Box No. 126, Gambella, Ethiopia|
|2Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia|
|3University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia|
|4Semera University, Semera, Ethiopia|
|5Arsi University, Ethiopia|
|6Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
|Corresponding Author :||Getahun Asebe
Gambella University, Post Box No. 126
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received January 26, 2015; Accepted April 11, 2015; Published April 18, 2015|
|Citation: Asebe G, Dissasa H, Teklu T, Gebreegizeabhe G, Tafese K, et al. (2015) Treatment outcome of Tuberculosis Patients at Gambella Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Three-year Retrospective Study. J Infect Dis Ther 3:211. doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000211|
|Copyright: © 2015 Asebe G et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
|Related article at
Pubmed Scholar Google
Background: The study conducted in Gambella Regional hospital that include three years TB treatment outcome.
Methods: This study analyzed the records of 1,156 TB patients registered in hospital from January 2011 to June 2013. Bivariate analyses with a logistic regression model used to analyze the association between treatment outcome and potential predictor variables.
Results: The study categorized 1,156 TB patients status as, 251 (21.71%) extra pulmonary TB (EPTB), 398 (34.43%) smear positive pulmonary TB (PTB) and 507 (43.86%) smear negative PTB cases. Among the study subjects, 280 (24.22%) were Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive. The treatment outcome was classified successfully treated, 814(70.76%), defaulted, 97 (8.39%), transferred out, 198 (17.13%), died, 43 (3.72%) and treatment failed, 4 (0.35%) patients.
Conclusion: This study showed that TB patients’ treatment success rate treated at the hospital DOTS clinic found below the national success rate. Treatment of HIV-TB co-infection cases needs a better attention in the study area with a continuous of strengthening and monitoring of treatment outcome for successful TB control program. As a recommendation farther research should be done to identify causes of a common reason for unsuccessful treatment outcome in TB patients and working on the increasing awareness of the community.