Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar


Ultrashort TE (UTE) Imaging of the Knee Cartilage at 3T | OMICS International | Abstract

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Ultrashort TE (UTE) Imaging of the Knee Cartilage at 3T

Song Gao1, Shanglian Bao1, Christine B Chung2, Graeme M Bydder2 and Jiang Du2
1Beijing Key Lab of Medical Physics and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
2Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, USA
Corresponding Author : Jiang Du
Department of Radiology
University of California
San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92103-8756, USA
Tel: (619) 471-0519
Fax: (619) 471-0503
Received April 06, 2013; Accepted April 17, 2013; Published April 22, 2013
Citation: Gao S, Bao S, Chung CB, Bydder GM, Du J (2013) Ultrashort TE (UTE) Imaging of the Knee Cartilage at 3T. OMICS J Radiology 2:118. doi: 10.4172/2167-7964.1000118
Copyright: © 2013 Gao S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


While MR imaging has emerged as the imaging method of choice for diagnosis of cartilage disease, the deep radial and calcified layers of cartilage are difficult to image with conventional MRI because of their short T2 relaxation times. The imaging of cartilage injury and osteoarthritis (OA) has therefore focused on the superficial layers of cartilage. We describe herein the implementation of Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) pulse sequences with Echo Times (TEs) as low as 8 μs on a clinical 3T scanner. Various adaptations were made to the regular UTE acquisition in order to optimize image contrast between the deep layers and superficial layers of cartilage. These modifications included multiple gradient echo UTE acquisition with and without fat saturation, and multiple spin echo UTE acquisition. The efficacy of these techniques in depicting the targeted tissues was demonstrated through imaging of cadaveric samples and healthy volunteers. Excellent depiction of these different regions was obtained, enhanced particularly with fat suppression and later echo subtraction methods. Quantitative measurements showed that while UTE Free Induction Decay (FID) acquisition provided the highest signal-to-noise ratio, both fat suppression and later echo subtraction enhanced the contrast between the deep and superficial layers of cartilage.