Brazil (officially Federative Republic of Brazil) is the largest country in South-America and the fifth largest country in the world. The word ‘brazil’ is said to have originated from brazilwood, red trees which grew plenty along the coast of the country. The major cities of the country include Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Rio de Janeiro. Most of the dental services in Brazil are provided by private sector in their health care system.
Brazil has the Atlantic Ocean on its east with a shoreline of about 7500 km. It shares its border with all the South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. The Amazon River basin is one of the largest diverse ecosystems in the world supporting numerous varieties of wildlife and protected habitats. The official language of the country is Portuguese. Football is the most famous sport in the country.
Brazil is the member of United Nations, G20, BRICS, Organization of American States, Latin Union etc. Brazil is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It has a diverse economy that includes agriculture, industry and service sector. It is the world’s largest coffee producer for the past two centuries.
The Brazilian Center for Physics Research is a physics research center in the Urca neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro sponsored by the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), linked to the Ministry of Science and Technology. CBPF was founded in 1949 from a joint effort of Cesar Lattes, José Leite Lopes, and Jayme Tiomno. Throughout its existence, CBPF became an internationally renowned research institution, organizing several international meetings and hosting many renowned physicists, like Richard Feynman and J. Robert Oppenheimer. It was also the starting point of important Brazilian institutions, like the National Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA), the National Laboratory for Scientific Computation (LNCC) and the National Laboratory of Synchrotron Light (LNLS). Since its creation, CBPF has been one of the most important Physics research institutions in Brazil, and its graduate program ranks among the best in the country.