The name India is derived from Indus. It is also known as Bharat and Hindustan. It is a vast South-Asian country comprising diversities in culture, climate, food, lifestyle, region, language, etc. It is most populous democratic country in the world.
India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east. It shares land with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north-east and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. The Himalaya is a great mountain range in the Indian sub-continent and the Ganges and the Brahmaputra are the two major Himalayan-origin rivers that flow through India. Indian geography describes its development, physiographic regions, geology, climate, weather, natural resources etc.
India has one of fastest growing service sectors in the world. The IT industry continues to be the largest private sector employer in India. India is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the G20, the G8+5, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organisation, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the United Nations and the New Development BRICS Bank.
Professor Chandrasekhar was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his studies on the physical processes important to the structure and evolution of stars. Chandrasekhar accepted this honor, but was upset the citation mentioned only his earliest work, seeing it as a denigration of a lifetime's achievement. Numerous physics journals are published from India with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay (IITB), Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchMumbai (TIFR), University of Delhi (DU), Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc), Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD), Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM), Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur) and Banaras Hindu University Varanasi (BHU).