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Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Situated in the Pacific Ocean, it misleads the east of the Sea of Japan, the East China Sea, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name signify "sun inception", and it is frequently called the "Place where there is the Rising Sun".
Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven per cent of Japan's land area. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions. The population of 126 million is the world's tenth largest. Japanese make up 98.5% of Japan's total population. Approximately 9.1 million people live in the core city of Tokyo, the capital city of Japan, which is the sixth largest city proper in the OECD and the fourth leading global city in the world. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the world's largest metropolitan area with over 35 million residents and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy.
The country has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Although Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index whose population enjoys the highest life expectancy, the third lowest infant mortality in the world, and ranked first in the number of Nobel Laureates of any country in Asia.
Japan is ranked first in the Country Brand Index, ranked sixth in the Global Competitiveness Report 2015–2016 and is the highest-ranked Asian country in the Global Peace Index.
Since 1949, there have been twenty-four Nobel laureates so far. It was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. In the 21st century, in the field of common science, the quantity of Japanese champs of the Nobel Prize has been second behind the U.S.