Russia is a sovereign state in northern Eurasia. It is a government semi-presidential republic. At 17,125,200 square kilometers (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the biggest nation on the planet, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's possessed area region. Russia is the world's ninth most crowded nation with more than 144 million individuals toward the end of 2015.Extending over the total of northern Asia and quite a bit of Eastern Europe, Russia traverses eleven time zones and consolidates an extensive variety of situations and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia offers land fringes with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It offers sea fringes with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. condition of Alaska over the Bering Strait .
Russia is the biggest nation on the planet; its aggregate region is 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi). There are 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia, 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves,41 national parks and 101 nature holds. It lies between scopes 41° and 82° N, and longitudes 19° E and 169° W. Russia's regional extension was accomplished to a great extent in the late sixteenth century under the Cossack Yermak Timofeyevich amid the rule of Ivan the Terrible, during a period while contending city-states in the western districts of Russia had joined together to shape one nation. Yermak marshaled an armed force and pushed eastbound where he vanquished about all the terrains once having a place with the Mongols, crushing their ruler, Khan Kuchum. Russia has a wide common asset base, including significant stores of timber, petroleum, regular gas, coal, metals and other mineral assets.
Russia has a grown, high-wage market economy with colossal characteristic assets, especially oil and normal gas. It has the fifteenth biggest economy on the planet by ostensible GDP and the sixth biggest by buying power equality (PPP). Since the turn of the 21st century, higher residential utilization and more prominent political steadiness have supported financial development in Russia. In the 19th and 20th centuries the country produced a large number of notable scientists, making important contributions into physics, astronomy, mathematics, computing, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. Russian inventors and engineers excelled in such areas as electrical engineering, shipbuilding, aerospace, weaponry, communications, IT, nuclear technology and space technology. From 1904, there have been twenty-seven Nobel laureates so far .Out of 27, 12 for Physics, 2 for Economics, 3 for Chemistry, 2 for Physiology or Medicine, 5 for Literature and 3 for Peace.