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South Africa, formally the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost sovereign state in Africa. It is limited on the south by 2,798 kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa extending along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighboring nations of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, and encompassing the kingdom of Lesotho.South Africa is the 25th-biggest nation on the planet via land region, and with near 53 million individuals, is the world's 24th-most crowded country. It is the southernmost nation on the terrain of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere.
South Africa is situated at the southernmost area of Africa, with a long coastline that extends more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two seas (the South Atlantic and the Indian). At 1,219,912 km2 (471,011 sq mi),South Africa is the 25th-biggest nation on the planet and is practically identical in size to Colombia. Mafadi in the Drakensberg at 3,450 m (11,320 ft) is the most elevated top in South Africa. Barring the Prince Edward Islands, the nation lies between scopes 22° and 35°S, and longitudes 16° and 33°E.
South Africa has a blended economy, the second biggest in Africa after Nigeria. It likewise has a generally high GDP for every capita contrasted with different nations in Sub-Saharan Africa ($11,750 at PPP starting 2012). In spite of this, South Africa is still troubled by a moderately high rate of destitution and unemployment, and is additionally positioned in the main 10 nations on the planet for money inequality,