Laser Desorption/ionization Mass Spectrometry Of Biologically Active Substances Using Zeolite Matrix | 10242
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
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Zeolites are crystalline aluminosilicates with nanometer-order cages. Zeolites have high catalytic activity due to the charge
imbalance at the Si-O-Al bridging sites, and those sites are compensated by cations. Hydroxyl (OH) groups having Br?nsted
acidity exist in H+-exchanged zeolite, and it is well known that the Br?nsted acid site is responsible for the various catalytic
activities of zeolite.
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry is a valuable tool for studies of biopolymers.
However, MALDI mass spectrometry has several drawbacks including (1) low ionization efficiency, (2) suppression of protonated
analyte peak intensity by alkali metal ion contaminants, and (3) inapplicability to compounds with low molecular weights due to
the dissociation of matrix molecules. We have recently developed a ?zeolite matrix,? which is a complex of organic MALDI matrix
and zeolite. The zeolite matrix prevented the dissociation of matrix molecules. In addition, the intensity of the protonated analyte
peak was moderately enhanced due to efficient proton supply from Br?nsted acid sites on the zeolite surface.
In this study, we exchanged proton on the zeolite surface with alkali metal cations. By using 2, 4, 6-trihydroxyacetophenone
(THAP) adsorbed on cation-substituted zeolite, we succeeded in observing large ion peaks of cation-adducted analytes. It was also
found that the zeolite matrix is applicable to biologically active substances such as acethylsalicylic acid, barbital, phenobarbital,
colchine, digoxin, amygdalin, and so on, which cannot be detected by conventional MALDI. We are fully convinced that the
zeolite matrix can further improve the applicability of MALDI-MS.
Tatsuya Fujino attained Doctor of Science from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1998. He worked as a postdoctoral researcher of Japan Society
for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) at Institute of Molecular Science (IMS) 1998-2002 and as a special postdoctoral researcher at RIKEN 2002-
2005. Since 2005-till date, he is an Associate Professor at Tokyo Metropolitan University. He has won ?New century award? from the Japan Society
for Analytical Chemistry (JSAC) in 2006. Best presentation awards from the Spectroscopical Society of Japan (SPSJ) in 2004 and from the Kanto
branch of Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ) in 2007.
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