Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
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Cell-based assays are essential to assess drug-mediated toxicity and cellular responses and to discover new chemical
entities in the early phase of drug discovery. Cellular assays are usually based on either imaging or spectroscopic analysis.
However, quantitative image-based cellular assays are still a major challenge for drug screening. In this work, quantitative
multivariate image-based high-content cellular assays (HCAs) are reported. These assays were achieved using acousto-optical
tunable filter and quantum dot probes. This approach is based on uniform threshold intensity distribution (TID) through
quantitative multispectral and multicolor imaging cytometry. This method is capable of performing wide arrays of automated,
quantitative, and multivariate cellular assays via single-cell monitoring over time. The approach of employing region selection
to slightly defocused, background-nullified and threshold images facilitated rapid quantitative measurements during cellular
assays by providing uniform TID over the objects (cells), necessary for automated quantitative analysis. This high-content
cellular imaging method offers imaging and quantitative analysis of targeted cellular moieties, which can be further applied
to various cellular assays in combination with snapshot methods. Application of HCA to organ-specific cell models provides
deeper biological information suitable for better decisions on progressing compounds. Gaining a deep understanding of the
mechanisms underlying these cellular responses is valuable before a series of lead compounds are progressed to time-consuming
and expensive animal tests. This work has great significance for the exploration of various cellular response involved in drug
efficacy and toxicity in the process of drug discovery.
Joon Myong Song has received his PhD in 1997 at Kyushu University, Japan. He has worked as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow from 1998 to 2004 at Iowa State University, Brookhaven National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in United States. Presently, he is a Professor and Head of Department of Pharmacy at College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University in South Korea. His research area includes multifunctional nanoparticle for diagnosis and therapy and high-content cell-based drug screening and diagnosis using hyper-multicolor cellular imaging. He has published 90 peer reviewed papers in the top journals, 7 book chapters and 10 patents.