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Redox Reaction Initiated Homolytic And Heterolytic Coupling Of Activated And Unactivated Olefi Nic Substrates Electrochemical Analysis And Synthesis | 6029
ISSN: 2155-9872

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
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Redox Reaction Initiated Homolytic and Heterolytic Coupling of Activated and Unactivated Olefi nic Substrates Electrochemical Analysis and Synthesis

2nd International Conference on Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Daesung Chong

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Anal Bioanal Techniques

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9872.S1.02

The cathodic electrochemical behavior of the 2-Benzyloxo-1-methylpyridium trifl ate salt ( 1 ) in the presence or absence of methyl iodide, cis -cyclooctene and two monosubstituted malononitrile derivatives was studied in acetonitrile containing either 0.1 M [NBu 4 ][SO 3 CF 3 ] or [NBu 4 ][PF 6 ] as the supporting electrolytes. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), square-wave voltammetry (SWV), and diff erential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and controlled-potential electrolysis were employed to investigate redox behavior of these compounds at glassy carbon and Pt disk electrode materials. A cathodic reduction of 1 gives rise to a single irreversible cyclic voltammetric wave at E pc = -1.82 V versus Ferrocene/Ferrocenium couple (Cp 2 Fe 0/+ ). Th ese voltammetric processes are suggested for the rapid and effi cient conversion of 1 into benzyl radical source. When a potential of -1.82 V (vs Cp 2 Fe 0/+ ) is applied to a solution of 1 under standard conditions at room temperature, the compound 1 undergoes a two-electron reduction and yields bibenzyl (BB > 40% conversion) and toluene (> 10%) based on GC-MS analysis with external calibration curve data of BB and toluene. Th ese could form via homolytic and heterolytic benzyl radical coupling reactions. In the presence of methyl iodide and 1 under identical conditions, it produces benzyl iodide (> 55%), ethylbenzene (<5%), bibenzyl (>20%), and toluene (> 10%). Products for these coupling reactions were identifi ed by GC-MS and/ or 1 H NMR data. Redox potentials of two monosubstituted malononitrile derivatives will be reported. Th e electrochemical reactivity of 1 with four additional substrates and mechanisms of these reactions will be discussed.

Daesung Chong was born in born in Chongup, Korea, in 1971 and received his B.S. from Kyonggi University, Korea, (1996) and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Sogang University (with C. S. Chin, 1998 and 2001) and did postdoctoral work at the Texas A&M University at College Station with Marcetta Y. Darensbourg and at the University of Vermont with William E. Geiger before joining the Electrochemistry researcher at Dow Corning Corporation in 2008. In 2010 he moved to the Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. His main interest has been in the use of electrochemistry in analysis, synthesis and catalysis. His current research activity is to develop organic and inorganic synthetic methods under mild conditions with an electron that facilitate the ef fi cient preparation of homogeneous (C-C) and heterogeneous (C-Si) coupling products from trivial and unactivated starting materials.