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Viable Strategies For Screening Antidiabetic Potential Of Medicinal Plants/functional Foods | 6061
ISSN: 2155-9872

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
Open Access

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Viable Strategies for Screening Antidiabetic Potential of Medicinal Plants/functional Foods

International Conference & Exihibition On Analytical and Bioanalytical Techniques - 2010

Asna Urooj

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Anal Bioanal Techniques

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000001

Abstract
Progress in understanding the metabolic staging of diabetes over the past few years has led to significant advances in regimen for treatment of this devastating disease. The most challenging goal in the management of patients of diabetes mellitus is to achieve blood glucose level as close to normal as possible. The study included 3 plant foods (psillium, oats & barley), 3 antidiabetic medicinal formulations and 8 Indian medicinal plants ( Ficus racemosa, Morus indica, Costus igneus, Tinospora cardifolia, Eugenia jambolana, Aegle marmeloes, Gymnema sylvestrae, Butea monosperma ) used in the management of diabetes were explored for the possible mechanisms of action using in vitro and ex vivo model systems such as, (i) Availability and diffusion of glucose (ii) Amylolysis kinetics (iii) α-glucosidase, sucrase and α-amylase inhibitory activity (iv) Potentiation of glucose uptake by yeast cells (v) free radical scavenging (DPPH). Three medicinal plants were subjected for in vivo evaluation in rats. Among foods, psyllium showed excellent glucose adsorption, glucose diffusion retardation amylosis followed by oats and barley. Similarly, the Ayurvedic formulations also adsorbed glucose effectively, inhibited its diffusion and also inhibited the enzymes. Although, all the medicinal plats exhibited good glucose adsorption capacity, excellent retardation of glucose diffusion was shown by Morus , Costus , Ficus and Eugenia . Similarly, Morus , Ficus and Eugenia showed strongest inhibitory activity on all the enzymes compared to others. 3 plants enhanced glucose uptake in yeast cells, which was dependent on both the glucose and sample concentration. Both Morus and Ficus exhibited >70% reduction in fasting blood glucose and led to the modulation of carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes and serum insulin to near normal levels. The observations strongly support the usage of these plants/foods as an adjunct in diabetes management.
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