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Description of the country: Argentina is a massive South American nation with terrain encompassing Andes mountains, glacial lakes and Pampas grassland, the traditional grazing ground of its famed beef cattle. The country is known for tango, steak and football. Its big, cosmopolitan capital, Buenos Aires, is centered on the 16th-century Plaza de Mayo, lined with stately buildings including Casa Rosada, the iconic, balconied presidential palace.
Geography of the country: The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in southern South America (or Southern Cone). It is a border of Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, Chile neighboring country to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. Argentina is the second largest country of South America after Brazil, and the 8th largest country in the world. Its total area is approximately 2.7 million km². Argentina claims a section of Antarctica (Argentine Antarctica) but has agreed to suspend sovereignty disputes in the region as a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty. Argentina also asserts claims to several South Atlantic islands administered by the United Kingdom.
Status of economy, research and development: Argentina has a high-income economy, it maintains a relatively high quality of life and GDP per capita.Argentina is considered an emerging market by the FTSE Global Equity Index, and is one of the G-20 major economies. Dr. Domingo Liotta created the first artificial heart in 1969. The country is pioneer in advanced research in agriculture, natural resources, industry, telecommunication services, banking, tourism and medical sciences. Status about the different
subjects in which extensive research is going on: In Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 3 Nobel laureates so far. Argentina has established infrastructure for advanced medical research. Dr. Domingo Liotta created the first artificial heart in 1969. Argentina has an Agency for Medical Research and Development to monitor the funding and integration of the R & D related to medical sciences in the country. INVAP: Argentine high-technology research & development company the leading company in medical research in Argentina. According to the report by César Milstein et al., 1984, Argentina is been preceded in publishing highest number of articles in Pulmonology. Numerous medical journals are published from Argentina with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Institute of Experimental Biology and Medicine, National Academy of Medicine of Buenos Aires, Pediatric Hospital Garrahan, Research Institute of Physical Chemistry, Theoretical and Applied.