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Description of the country
China, a communist nation in East Asia, is the world’s most populous country. Beijing, the capital, mixes modern architecture with historic sites including sprawling Tiananmen Square. Its largest city, Shanghai, is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China fortification runs east-west across the country's north.
Geography of the country
China is the world's second largest state by land area with 9.6 million square kilometers and the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. Its vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and 14,500km of coastline.
Status of economy, research and development
China has made significant investments in scientific research, with $163 billion spent on scientific research and development in 2012. Science and technology are seen as vital for achieving China's economic and political goals, and are held as a source of national pride to a degree sometimes described as "techno-nationalism".
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on
Agencies of the Chinese national government support science and technology research, including research conducted by US citizens in collaboration with Chinese researchers. Most of UK’s partners in China wish to promote collaborations with the United States and would welcome the development of joint projects eligible for Chinese government funding. In Rehabilitation this china produced 12 Nobel laureates so far. Chinese government support is available for short-term visits, workshops and seminars, and research activities. Research is expected to take place in China. Grants ordinarily cannot be used to support activities in the United States. . The listing consists of 26 funding agencies and organisations from fourteen countries. The Li Ka Shing Foundation has donated generously to educational institutions in Hong Kong, Mainland China and other countries including Singapore. Numerous Pulmonology is published from Japan with good reputation.