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Description of the country
Indonesia is the country in Southeast Asia and situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean. The name Indonesia derives from the Greek translation of the Indus River and the word nesos, meaning “Indian island”. It has an estimated population of over 258 million people and is the world’s fourth most populous country. The world’s most populous island of Java contains more than half of the country’s population. Its capital city is Jakarta.
Geography of the country
Indonesia is the largest island country with 13,466 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. The largest are Java, Sumatra, Borneo, New Guinea and Sulawesi. It is the largest archipelagic country in the world. The country has at least 150 active volcanoes, including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century. Indonesia is the world’s 15th largest population in terms of land areas and world’s 7th largest country in terms of combined sea and land area.
Status of economy, research and development
The Indonesian economy is the world’s 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP. The country is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a member of the G-20 major economies. The major imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and foodstuffs. The major export commodities include oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, rubber and textiles. Garuda Indonesia is the eight best airlines in the world and awarded as a “5-Star Airline” by Skytrax. Palapa satellite was first launched in July 1976, making Indonesia the first developing country to operate its own satellite system. Traditional wooden Pinisi ship still used in inter-Indonesian islands freight service.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on
Scientific Research takes place to look for causes and possible treatments in diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cnacer. Universitas Indonesia and University of Indonesia are the main universities regarding Pulmonology in Indonesia. The Research held in Medicine, Science and Engineering from the Universities- Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Universitas Airlangga (Unair). Numerous medical journals are published from Indonesia with good reputation. Several journals related to Pulmonology include Medical Journal of Indonesia, Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JHNC), Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, Journal Respirology Indonesia etc.